psychological disorders essay

psychological disorders essay

What symptoms are associated with it?

What treatment(s) are typically used to address it?

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. Among many psychological disorders, anxiety disorders are the most predominant in the United States. According to Antony (2011), anxiety disorders affect nearly 28.8 percent of the population. An extreme and unrealistic anxiety is the most common symptom that characterizes all the psychological conditions within the category of anxiety disorders. The category includes specific phobia, agoraphobia, social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. This paper examines obsessive-compulsive disorder discussing the major etymological explanations of anxiety disorders in general, specifically describing the condition, and discussing actual treatments for the disorder. Anxiety played an important role in the psychoanalytic theory, and, as a result, psychoanalytic interpretation is important to understand anxiety disorders. In the psychoanalytic interpretation, anxiety is defined an intense sensation of endangerment and an unconscious mechanism produced by unconscious conflicts. According to Wolman and Stricker (1994), it can be understood as a symptom that is the cause and effect of itself and a product of past experience, psychological mechanisms, and psychic contents like persecutory anxiety.

Essay on Psychological Disorder

. Abstract This paper will examine the psychological disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and the relationship it has between human development and socialization as well as how human development and socialization affect people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Psychological Disorder Paper According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can be described as, “ an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).” Essentially, the obsessions are the spontaneous and tedious contemplations, while the compulsions are the actions that result from the disorder. Even though OCD is exhibited as recurrent and persistent thoughts and impulses, would it be just to consider every type of compulsive behavior or obsessive thought as OCD? (Shiraev &Levy, 2010) According to Shiraev & Levy, “ Specific repetitive behavior – praying, for example –– should be judged in accordance with the norms of the individual’s culture and should clearly interfere with social role functioning to be diagnosed as OCD (DSM-IV, P. 420) “ (2010, p. 231). With this in mind a more concrete explanation of the relationship between OCD and human development and socialization. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

Homosexuality Is Not a Psychological Disorder Essay

. Homosexuality is not a psychological disorder… In the past, homosexuality was considered to be a psychological disorder, up until the APA removed it from its list of mental illnesses. This was due to the fact that homosexuality causes no form of impairment on the individual’s judgment, stability, reliability, or general social and or vocational abilities. This decision made over 30 years ago, has caused a lot of criticism, many believe that the APA’s decision was made due to the amount of influence that the homosexual activism and not according to the scientific data that was collected. There are two possible sides to this assumption about whether or not homosexuality is and should be considered a psychological disorder. According to an article published in the Scientific Controversies: Case Studies in the Resolution and Closure of Disputes in Science and Technology, edited by H. Tristam Engelhardt Jr., and Arthur Caplan, Cambridge U. Press, 1987. Dr. Irving Bieber, described the attempts for psychiatry to adopt a new perspective regarding sexual normality. During this time the psychiatric professions were moving from the established psychoanalytic theories based on unconscious motivations, in which they claimed that if you cannot visible see distress, dysfunction, and or disability among psychological conditions then it isn’t seen as being disordered. Dr. Bieber while.

Psychological Disorders and Treatment Essay

. Saunders PS124: Psychological Disorders and Treatment Prof: Marjorie Vandemark Kaplan University Everyone has a personality with character traits, but when these traits are rigid and self-defeating, they may interfere with functioning and even lead to psychiatric symptoms. A psychological disorder is describe as any disturbance of emotional equilibrium, as manifested in maladaptive behavior and impaired functioning, caused by genetic, physical, chemical, biological, psychological, or social and cultural factors. Schizophrenia is a disease that strikes people in their prime. It does not matter who you are, you can be diagnosis with schizophrenia. Many people all over the world are affected by bipolar disorders. There are two phases of bipolar manic and depressive. There are many new types of treatments used, such as drug therapy and psychological therapy. Schizophrenia is a serious brain illness that causes changes in how you think, feel, and behave. While treating Sophia Smith since she was 12 years old for schizophrenia. Sophia has presented symptoms such as misbehaving in school and at home due to mother and father divorce when she was reaching the age of 13 years, Sophia was the only child and didn’t really get along with the other children at her school. Sophia has been struggling in school because at times she feels and behaves in the wrong way and she is afraid.

Analyzing Psychological Disorders Essay

. Analyzing Psychological Disorders Student Name PSY/240 Due Date Instructor Analyzing Psychological Disorders Introduction Many people do not realize how biology can play a role in psychological activities and disorders. Biology is a key aspect of psychology. Understanding the role of biology in behavior and cognitive abilities will create a better understanding of the disorder a person may have. Part A: Schizophrenia “Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout history. About one percent of Americans have this illness” (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). This illness affects a large portion of the brain and is known to be associated with wide spread brain damage. The first studies of the brains affected by schizophrenia reported a reduced brain size. Other studies have shown widespread neuron loss and abnormalities of neuron structure and circuitry in several parts of the brain (Pinel, 2011). Schizophrenic is such a complex disorder and it has many different symptoms. Symptoms related to this disorder include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thoughts and incoherent speech, and odd behavior; these symptoms are known as positive symptoms. Negative symptoms of this disorder include a reduction or lack of emotional expression, lack of speech, lack of.

Psychological Disorder and Treatment Essay

. Psychological Disorders and Treatment: By Diane Roger-Arroya Psy124 unit 9 Assignment June 18, 2013 A psychological disorder is also known as a mental disorder. A pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas and/or create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms is what psychological disorder. Examples of psychological disorder are bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and Schizophrenia are some to name. With the proper diagnosis a client may receive proper treatment that can help them function in society. Psychological disorders have good treatment options with medications, psychotherapy, or other treatments. Three months ago, Amanda was in a major car accident. She sustained only minor injuries, but two friends riding in her car were killed. At first, the accident seemed like just a bad dream. Then Amanda started having nightmares about it. Now, the sights and sounds of the accident haunt her all the time. Amanda has trouble sleeping at night, and during the day she feels irritable and on edge. She jumps whenever she hears a siren or screeching tires, and she avoids TV programs that might show a car chase or accident scene. Amanda also avoids driving whenever possible, and refuses to go anywhere near the site of the.

. Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs Conditions that are characterized by the individual presenting with behaviors that are defined as abnormal are termed psychiatric disorders o psychiatric disease. An abnormal behavior is one that has been defined within the field of mental health as being atypical or unusual. Those patients who are diagnosed as suffering psychiatric disorders or diseases may have altered perceptions of reality or have impaired abilities to interpret reality. This alteration or impairment can result in great distress for the individual and may lead to self-defeating and/or dangerous behaviors. The behaviors termed abnormal are often also considered socially unacceptable within the culture that is the person’s own (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).One of the most complicated of all of these psychiatric diseases is schizophrenia. The name of this disease indicates that the mind is experiencing a “splitting of psychic functions” (Pinel, 2007, p.481). Schizophrenics present with symptoms that include hallucinations, incoherent thought patterns, bizarre delusions, inappropriate affect and odd behaviors. The range of severity and occurrence of the symptom patterns may vary from individual to individual (Pinel, 2007). A number of theories have been advanced about schizophrenia. Some theories hold that there is a genetic component to the disease that may be triggered by stress or trauma. This genetic component can be.

. Psychological Disorder Paper XXXXX XXXX Psychology 450- Diversity and Cultural Factors in Psychology Prof. X Psychological Disorder Paper Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is defined as an anxiety disorder that most people acquire as a result of seeing or enduring dangerous events (National Institute of Mental Health, 2013). Danger comes in many forms and in most cases, danger that cannot be detected such as an earthquake, a robbery or an accident. We are all equipped with the ability to “flight or fight” whenever we are faced with danger. In addition, when the danger manifests itself we feel the natural feeling of fear. This fear then triggers the body to either defend ourselves or to fight our fear, thus, calling it the flight or fight response. In addition, the flight or fight response is a healthy reaction thats main purpose is to enable us to defend for ourselves. Unfortunately, with PTSD the reaction is so horrifying to the person involved that it causes extensive mental damage and as a result, those that who have PTSD may possibly feel stress or scared whether or there is any danger present. PTSD Diagnosis During the initial onset, PTSD can be a very difficult disorder to diagnose mainly because it is misunderstood although the disorder has specific symptoms. According to the DSM-IV-TR, there are specifers that can be used to.

Studying psychological disorders

1.) Describe the general behaviors associated with the disorder. Psychological disorders are usually associated with disturbances in mood, perception, memory, and emotions. There could be an increase in the level of anxiety which is usually observed in patients with phobias or other stress disorders. There could also be dissociation or disrupted consciousness and identity which is characteristic of dissociative disorders.

Basically, these people could experience confusion on their situation and there could also be estranged from one’s own environment. These individuals could also exhibit over the board behaviors and activities. There are also evident physical manifestations of the disorders such as seizure or other physical disabilities. a) Explain how biological influences play a role. Biological influences play a big role in explaining the nature of psychological disorders. The psychological side of man is usually associated with the nervous system and its functions.

Different existing medical treatments for psychological disorders also focus on monitoring brain activities and the likes. Also, there are several cases in which physical trauma to the brain can cause certain psychological distress and at the same time psychological disorders are often manifested in an abrupt change in biological processes. Genetic factors may also increase a person’s risk of acquiring a psychological illness. b) Are there biological reasons why an individual may exhibit behaviors related to the disorder?

Explain your answer. There are biological reasons behind the behaviors of an individual having a particular disorder. For example, sleep disorders are mainly caused by a disruption in the biological sleep patterns of the individual. This psychological disorder is also biological in nature because it also involves difficulty in breathing and even paralysis of different parts of the body. Sleep disorders can also be caused by other psychological illnesses such as schizophrenia and other mood disorders.

“A personality disorder is a long-standing, inflexible, maladaptive pattern of perceiving, thinking, or behaving.” (Gerrig, Zimbardo, 2008, 470). One type of personality disorder is borderline personality disorder when a person is very instable and frequently lashes out in anger. The person will be very impulsive and are prone to self-destructive behavior. Another is antisocial personality disorder in which a person is frequently displaying unlawful behavior such as stealing or causing fights.

When a person has complaints about physical illnesses that cannot be explained medically and these claims lead to interference in their lives it is known as a somatoform disorder. Hypochondriacs fall into this category of disorders. People may also actually experience loss of motor or sensory functions that cannot be explained any damage or problems with their bodies. A dissociative disorder is involved more in the disturbance of identity or memory. People will sometimes forget traumatic events in their lives or forget who they are. Other cases involve the development of multiple personalities where a person assumes the identity of more than one person which are unaware of the other identities. This type of dissociative disorder is often

Analyzing Psychological Disorders Essay

understanding of the causes and treatment(s) of schizophrenia and I will discuss the following: areas of the brain affected, causal factors, associated symptoms, the neural basis, appropriate drug therapies. I have been given four different case studies of disorders in which I will choose two of them to analyze. I will be discussing my understanding of the problem presented in each of the two case studies from the perspective of a biopsychologist. I will also be including each problem’s relation to the nature-nurture…

them from normal behavior. These are known as psychological disorders. These disorders come in many forms but all will have large effects on a person’s life. One of the types of psychological disorders is anxiety disorders. These disorders are broken down into five categories: generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). All of these categories describe disorders in which a person displays extreme fear or nervousness…

Psychological disorder Introduction Psychological disorders are mental disorders that affects ones pattern of behavior that deviates them from the social conventional norms. One's behavior is expressed to wield a lot of distress that is not considered as the normal development of a person's culture. Psychological disorders are seen by the way an individual feels, acts, thinks or perceives the environment around them, most especially ones social an emotional stability. The causes of mental are…

Three Main Psychological Disorders

Three Main Psychological Disorders Introduction Psychological disorders are also referred to as mental disorders. This can be defined as psychological symptoms or behavioral patterns that affect multiple life areas of an individual. In addition, they are likely to cause distress for patients who experience the symptoms. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder develops because of traumatizing events that threaten the safety of an individual making him/her feel helpless. Often…

There are multiple criteria that come into play when determining a psychological disorder. One reason is because, it is hard to know for sure if an action is abnormal or not. Something could be abnormal in our country, but a custom in another. According to Psychology in Action, “[r]ather than being fixed categories, both “abnormal” and “normal” behaviors exist along a continuum, and no single criterion is adequate for [i]dentifying all forms of abnormal behavior” (Huffman). There are four criteria…

Homosexuality Is Not a Psychological Disorder Essay

Homosexuality is not a psychological disorder… In the past, homosexuality was considered to be a psychological disorder, up until the APA removed it from its list of mental illnesses. This was due to the fact that homosexuality causes no form of impairment on the individual’s judgment, stability, reliability, or general social and or vocational abilities. This decision made over 30 years ago, has caused a lot of criticism, many believe that the APA’s decision was made due to the amount of influence…

Psychological Disorders Analyzed in Watchmen

Name Date Course Professor/Instructor Psychological Disorders analyzed in Watchmen Through out the graphic novel Watchmen written by Alan Moore, Moore tells the story of a particular superhero group referred to as Watchmen whom for the most part possess relatively human characteristics. In a reversed manner, Moore uses these characters to symbolize the different kinds of human beings in the world rather than the typical super beings so often created in traditional comic books (Disinformation).…

Psychological Disorder Analysis

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER ANALYSIS Psychological Disorder Analysis Amy Verhagen Axia College of University of Phoenix The diagnosis given to Maria is Dysthymic Disorder. Maria has been having trouble sleeping at night, feeling ‘jumpy’, and not able to concentrate. I suspect this has been going on for a while and possibly co-occurs with other psychological symptoms. Further questioning Maria about her past and present symptom onset will help in confirming this diagnosis to help treat her appropriately…

Psychological Disorder July, 20, 2011 Psychological Disorder Paper Psychological disorders are stated to be abnormalities of the mind, known as mental disorders (Klasco, 2011). Abnormalities of the mind cause persistent behaviors that affect an individual’s daily function and life (Klasco, 2011). The different types of psychological disorders include mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders (Klasco, 2011). The causes of these disorders are unknown, but…

From the Motherhood to a Psychological Disorder

motherhood to a psychological disorder Truc Huynh Houston Community College Summer 2010 Abstract: Credit to the story about family issues and Adele’s motherhood which goes over the unconscious psychological disorder in the movie “Anywhere but here” (1999), the paper is the first overview discussing the personality disorder- definition, diagnosis criteria, cause, classification and treatment. A closer sight is exhibited in details on three specific categorizes of personality disorder, which are the…

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Autor: mrshemsley • May 1, 2013 • Essay • 1,341 Words (6 Pages) • 869 Views

Those who suffer from psychological disorders or variations of mental distress typically undergo treatment through a process that we call Psychotherapy. A trained psychotherapist works with their patient to bring to light the underlying issues that are creating the type of stress or work with general problems such as a particular mental illness. The therapist can choose to several different types of therapy but psychotherapy commonly involves the preconceived notion of a patient lying on the couch. This approach is certainly part of the process. A psychotherapist and his patient develop a communicative relationship where they routinely talk about the problems and behaviors that are plaguing them, although a wide range of therapy is often utilized. So why does someone reach out to psychotherapy? There are many reasons. Some can be simply defined as depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, a phobia or behavioral issue. However it can extend further, as we see many people reaching out for marital issues and family crises. Many people reach out for addiction, whether to alcohol or drugs, sometimes even sex addiction or an equally unhealthy preoccupation. We also see people reaching out because of PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) perhaps from a military deployment, a rape or assault, child abuse when an adolescent. Then there are clients with medical disorders which require prescribed drugs, like bipolar disorder or Schizophrenia, who seem to benefit from some form of therapy.

Psychotherapy is often based on trust. The client needs to trust the person they are seeking guidance from. Commonly this trust is built up over visits and can be based on a one on one interaction or can be more open, such as pairs like in marriage counseling or can extend to group therapy. Once week the clients meet with their psychotherapist for approximately one hour. These visits can last for months or even year. It is said that the hardest part of successful therapy can be the patients unwillingness to continue sessions. Often they start feeling better and feel they no longer need to continue services. Choosing a therapist that the client feels comfortable with can also be a huge factor. In the course of the treatment it will be necessary for a client to divulge a considerable amount of personal information. One of the best way to find success is to feel a trusting relationship where the client can be as honest as possible. Ascertaining a therapist's educational background, experience and most common therapy practices can be pivotal in choosing the right person. While some therapist may push a client to expel their thoughts in a more direct manner that approach may not work for some people.

The 1&509apos;s brought about an influential school of thought known as humanistic psychology. It has secured a place in psychotherapy as one of the most widely used models. Carl Rogers was a humanist psychologist who coined the phrase client-centered therapy. This approach was focused around the therapist showing an unconditional positive regard to the client. Rogers had the goal of being as non-directive as possible, which was probably the reason that he started out calling his technique non-directive therapy. His approach was to guide his patients, although it is important to mention that he called his patients, clients. Emphasizing the importance of an individual seeking assistance and choosing to take the help of a professional rather than a medically necessary encounter. His thought was that patient implied illness and that an individual was seeking a cure to a disease. Rogers believed that a client needed to be guided, but in a subtly way, wanting clients to bring up their own issues and only using a slight guidance or by nudging them in the right directions. He found most clients were looking to him to overcome their issues or reshape their destiny so to speak and felt self-direction was a vital part of the therapy. This line of therapy called client-centered therapy is also sometimes called Rogerian therapy.

So was Rogers the great innovator of this line of thinking? Perhaps in some ways however his work really stems from one of the most widely known psychologists, Sigmund Freud. We have all heard of Freud known as the father of psychoanalysis, which is a type of treatment which falls under the broader umbrella of psychotherapy. Freud was the first to consider this line of therapy, using the assertion that psychological and behavioral behaviors are brought on my unresolved conflicts between the unconscious and conscious areas of the human mind. He started his work with hypnosis, believing that it was the most effective way to delve into someone's most hidden thoughts; however he later abandoned this line of thinking and developed "the talking cure". This approach favored free association and dream analysis and Freud thought this would bring repressed memories to the forefront

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