personality disorders essay

personality disorders essay

Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder described by a general pattern of anxiety with organization, perfectionism, mental and personal control and the need to have control over one's surroundings. (OCPD) causes a lot of misery and stress, particularly in personal relationships. Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by disturbing thoughts that produce nervousness, worry, fear and repetitive activities to try and control or stop the anxiety. People with OCPD may plan everything they do down to the minute in an attempt to keep control over their environments and not to do many things they can't control. The behaviors with OCD, for example are unwanted and seen as harmful. Acts of individuals who have OCD may give the impression of that of people with paranoid and potentially psychotic. However, OCD sufferers usually don’t agree with their obsessions and impulses. People with OCPD, on the.

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. Paranoid Personality Disorder Jessica Alba - (born April 28, 1981) is an American actress who’s TV and film credits include Dark Angel, Honey, Sin City, Fantastic Four, Into the Blue, Idle Hands and 2007's Good Luck Chuck. Alba's early life was marked by a multitude of physical maladies; she suffered collapsed lungs twice, had pneumonia 4-5 times a year, a ruptured appendix, and a cyst on her tonsils. She has also acknowledged suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder during childhood. Her health improved, however, when her family moved to California. Alba described her family as being a "very conservative family – a traditional, Catholic, Latin American family" and herself as very liberal; she says she had identified herself as a "feminist9quot; as early as age five. Alba graduated from Claremont High School at age 16; Alba expressed interest in acting since the age of five. In 1992, the 11-year-old Alba persuaded her mother to take her to an acting competition in Beverly Hills. Her next projects include comedy A.C.O.D. and animated film Escape from Planet Earth. Alba will also reprise her role as Santana in Machete's sequel Machete Kills and as Nancy Callahan in Sin City: A Dame to Kill For, sequel to 2005's Sin City. Filming for Sin City is expected to start in the summer of 2012 with a release set in October 2013. Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder is a disorder characterized.

Essay on Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder which is characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency (Taber, 1968). This pattern begins by early adulthood and is present in a variety of contexts. Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder attempt to maintain a sense of control through painstaking attention to rules, trivial details, procedures, lists, schedules, or form to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost (Criterion 1). OCPD and OCD are often confused as they are thought of as being similar. There is, however, a great difference between the two conditions. A person with OCD experience tremendous anxiety related to specific preoccupations, which are perceived as threatening. Within the condition OCPD it is one’s dysfunctional philosophy which produces anxiety, anguish and frustration (Phillipson). History of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder: Back in the early 1900s, Freud observed and treated patients with OCPD. From his findings, he noted, “persons with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are characterized by the three ‘peculiarities’ of.

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. Brianna Francis LeyvaAP Psychology 12 December 2013 Histrionic Personality Disorder One of the many personality disorders in Axis II in the DSM-IV TR is histrionic. Individuals with this disorder display excessive attention-seeking and sexual behaviors. They are charming, seductive, emotional, and manipulative. HPD is classified as a Cluster B personality disorder (dramatic and emotional). Patients diagnosed with Histrionic personality disorder often focus on physical appearance. They may dress proactively in order to gain attention; as well as being overly flirtatious and dramatic. Their emotions and believes also shift rapidly and are never deep. To others, a person with HPD may appear self-centered and impossible to ignore. People with the disorder focus on their activities and accomplishments and exaggerate in order to gain more attention. They may have strong feelings about something but lack the ability to support their reasoning. A person with this disorder may be highly tuned in to the moods and feelings of ever and could be very sensitive about how others see them. It is difficult for a sufferer of HPD to maintain relationships due to their need for attention and overly-flirtatious manner. HPD often occurs with other personality disorders, resulting in a difficulty.

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. In Germany, psychiatrists regarded OCD as a disorder of intellect. The German word for “obsession” is Zwangsvorstellung and was translated as “obsession” in Great Britain and “compulsion” in the United States. The term “obsessive-compulsive disorder” became the compromise term. Over time, the way people view O.C.D. has changed. For example, in the seventeenth century people who suffer from obsessions and compulsions were thought to be religious fanatics or melancholic (Frankel, 2011). It wasn't until the European Renaissance that people first began relinquishing the belief that mental illnesses like OCD were caused by devil or other supernatural forces. Based on this reasoning, treatment involved banishing the "evil9quot; from the "possessed9quot; person through exorcism (steward, 2009). OCD can happen to anyone. You could be rich or poor/ black or white. It has happened to people such as Martin Luther (1483-1546) the most important leader of the protestant of reformation in Europe. John Bunyan (1628-1688) the writer and preacher that is famous for his writing Pilgrim's Progress. Dr. Samual Johnson (1709-1784) wrote the first dictionary in the English language. Many people often wonder what causes OCD. Experts don't know what exactly caused OCD, but they suggest that it may be a problem in the way one part of the brain sends information to another. (Peterson, 2001). When your brain doesn't have enough of serotonin (a brain chemical) it causes problems.

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.  Diagnosing Personality Disorders It is estimated that 30.8 million adults in the United States meet the criteria of having one or more personality disorders (Kessler, 2005). A good number of people do not seek medical attention. It is very dangerous to leave mental issues unchecked. People with personality disorders are often a risk to themselves and others (Yeandle, 2013). It is important for psychology majors to learn how to correctly diagnose personality disorders because treatment relies on it, without treatment other disorders could develop, and non treatment could prove to be harmful or fatal. There are ten classified personality disorders that are broken down into three subsections or clusters. Cluster A individuals are generalized as odd, bizarre, or eccentric and the disorders in this cluster are paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorder. Cluster B individuals are classified as dramatic and erratic and the disorders in this cluster are antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic personality disorder. Cluster C individuals are considered anxious and fearful and the disorders in this cluster are avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive personality.

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. Psychology of personality. Different types of personality disorders. One of the most common asked questions by people nowadays is “What is psychology?” Misconceptions created by popular media as well as the diverse careers paths of those holding psychology degrees have contributed this confusion. There are a lot of different definitions of psychology but the most seen is that: psychology is both an applied and academic field that studies the human mind and behavior. Research in psychology seeks to understand and explain thought, emotion and behavior. Applications of psychology include mental health treatment, performance enhancement, self-help, ergonomics and many other areas affecting. Psychology evolved out of both philosophy and biology. Such discussions of the two subjects date as far back as the early Greek thinkers such as Aristotle and Socrates. The word psychology is derived from the Greek word psyche, meaning 'soul' or 'mind.' There are different branches of psychology. One of those is psychology of personality which studies people’s personalities and different types of personality disorders. In psychology, personality refers to the pattern of thoughts, feelings and behaviors, consistently exhibited by an individual over a long period of time, that strongly influences the way that individual perceives the world and himself. Personality.

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. COL FELIPE B BEJAR JR MNSA RC #47 My Personality Profile I am 47 years old and born on January 05. I am happily married with two children both living on their own with their respective husbands. My ambition since child was to become a teacher which was influenced by my high regards to my mentors looking at them as having so much knowledge and wisdom to impart to their students. The childhood ambition was derailed due to financial considerations when I was a freshman with my three other siblings also in college. I had to consider a course that would free my parents from the burden of not only the tuition fees but all the expenses for a decent and promising career. My acceptance to the Philippine Military Academy in 1981 made my parents the proudest in the community. A lot have been dreaming of entering the premier military school but only a few are given the opportunity and privilege. Besides, it has been the wishes of my late father to have one of his three sons to be in the military service as he could never forget his adventures with the Japanese forces as a child. Upon graduation from PMA, another sort of luck came when I was given a scholarship to yet another premier school, the University of the Philippines, which I took up BS Civil Engineering course and eventually passed the board examinations. This chartered my career in the military. I’m now with the Philippine Army Corps of Engineers which I.

Personality Assessment of Felix Unger in the Odd Couple Essay

. A Personality Assessment of the character Felix Unger in the Movie The Odd Couple Argosy University Abstract This paper analyzes and assesses the personality of the character Felix Unger (played by Jack Lemmon) in the movie, The Odd Couple. The paper starts by offering a synopsis of the movie, which is followed by a description of Mr. Unger, his presenting problem, a mental status examination of him, and a history of Mr. Unger’s background. Next the paper offers a five-axis diagnostic impression of Mr. Unger and rationalization for such diagnoses. The paper develops a case formulation which includes the pathology behind Mr. Unger’s diagnosis and recommendations for treatment. Both the case formulation and recommendations for treatment are validated by empirical research on the disorder and treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. The paper concludes with a hypothetical analysis of what the author imagines it would be like to work as Mr. Unger’s therapist SYNOPSIS OF THE ODD COUPLE Felix Unger (played by Jack Lemmon) is thrown out of his house by his soon to be ex-wife. Despondent, Felix makes a feeble and unsuccessful suicide attempt. When his best friend, Oscar Madison (played by Walter Matthau), gets word of Felix’s attempted suicide he insists that Felix move into his apartment. After all, Oscar is also recently divorced and figures he will enjoy the company. However.

Personality Disorders Essay Research Paper Personality DisordersThere

Personality Disorders Essay, Research Paper

There are many types of personality disorders and each one has different symptoms and characteristics. Some characteristics are shared by different disorders. People who rebel against their culture or society or who have outbursts and rages or have trouble with social skills, how they see themselves, how they cope with being around other people, and how they control their impulses are characteristics all shared by those who suffer from personality disorders. Many people who suffer from one disorder usually suffer more than one at a time but does not believe that they have a problem. It is said that, ?Symptoms stem from basic personality traits that develop over a period of time.?(Mental Health)

There are a few basic treatments for people with personality disorders that work for some, but not for others. Psychodynamic psychotherapy, or psychoanalytical therapy, focuses on past events and long repressed feelings. Psychodynamic models integrate the past with the patient?s current life. Behavior therapy is used to teach different kinds of social skills. Cognitive therapy concentrates on changing of negative thinking. Cognitive-behavioral therapy combines cognitive and behavioral therapy techniques.

Personality disorders affect ten to fifteen percent of the population. Some affect certain populations more than others. Studies have suggested that biology plays a part in these disorders. Personality disorders can be inherited from generation to generation and are a primary result of the person?s experience during childhood and adolescence.

Borderline Personality Disorder is the most common personality disorder and affects approximately 2% of the population (Mental Health). Those that suffer from this disorder may experience brief periods in which they separate from reality and often are diagnosed with depression and psychotic disorders. They are unstable in personal relationships and have an unstable self-image and emotions and have little control over impulses. They can be self-destructive, but are rarely violent to other people or animals.

Antisocial Personality Disorder is present in 3% men and 1% women and between 70-80% of the prison population (Mental Health). By definition, antisocial personality disorder, or ASP, is a lifelong personality disorder that affects many more men than women and begins before age 15 (Black). It has been studied more than any other personality disorder and can be characterized by a pattern of disregarding and violating others? rights and safety. Sufferers can be defiant, irresponsible, deceitful, irritable and aggressive. They may experiment with drugs, alcohol, and sex at a very young age. As a spouse they may be abusive, unfaithful, dishonest and manipulative.

Histrionic Personality Disorder is present in 2-3% of the population and more common in women (Mental Health). Sufferers can be characterized by a pattern of seeking attention in strange and unusual ways. They are excessively emotional, overly trusting and gullible, self-absorbed and are concerned with presentation. People with this disorder can function with relatively few problems in society.

To be psychosocial implies that personality disorders are a result of experiences the person has had, particularly during childhood or adolescence. Physical, emotional and especially sexual abuse has all been implicated as a cause of personality disorders. Not all abused children develop a disorder and not all people with a disorder have been abused. It just means that abuse leaves a person vulnerable to developing a personality disorder.

Where personality goes awry

A multifaceted research approach is providing more clues to the origins of personality disorders.


Print version: page 42

Over the years, few large-scale prospective studies have targeted the causes of personality disorders (PDs). But recently, a new body of research has begun to explore the potential influences of several factors, from genetics and parenting to peer influences, and even the randomness of life events.

Indeed, says Patricia Hoffman Judd, PhD, clinical professor of psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego, research into the origins of PDs is just beginning to take off. "I think for years people thought, 'It's just personality--you can't do anything about it,'" she explains. "There's also been moralism [that people with such disorders] are evil, that they are lazy," adds Judd, author of "A Developmental Model of Borderline Personality Disorder" (American Psychiatric Publishing, 2003).

But research is helping to turn such misconceptions around. Genetics researchers, for example, are closer to identifying some of the biological underpinnings that may influence PDs. Last year, for example, a team located--and described in Molecular Psychiatry (Vol, 8. No. 11)--a malfunctioning gene they believe may be a factor in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Other researchers are investigating genetic links to aggression, anxiety and fear--traits that could be influential in the later development of a personality disorder.

However, genetics don't work in a vacuum. Studies continue to indicate that abuse, even verbal abuse, can amplify the risk of developing a personality disorder.

For some disorders, such as antisocial PD, the evidence suggests that genetic factors play a significant role, while others, such as dependent personality disorder, appear to be more environmentally influenced, says longtime PD researcher Theodore Millon, PhD, DSc, editor of an ongoing book series, "Personality-guided Psychology" (APA).

But regardless of the specific disorder, researchers increasingly observe a back-and-forth interplay between genetic and environmental influences.

"We see a paradigm shift taking place in the field now toward a more interactionist perspective," says Jeffrey G. Johnson, PhD, associate professor of clinical psychology in Columbia University's psychiatry department. "I think the field is getting away from genetics versus environment--it's a major change."

The genetic/environmental convergence

One of the largest efforts to look at PDs, the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS), is attempting to gain insight into a cross-section of the.

Eating and Personality Disorders Essay

Eating and Personality Disorders The correlation between eating disorders and other psychological disorders is very important for our understanding of the causes and possible treatments for eating disorders. It is known that many people with eating disorders also fit the criteria for several DSM-IV psychological disorders. If researchers can find patterns of comorbidity between these two types of disorders they may be able to better diagnose and treat patients with both of these disorders. The question…

Taking a Look at Personality Disorders

A personality disorder is a type of noetic disorder in which you have a rigid and harmful pattern of cerebrating, functioning and deporting. A person with a personality disorder has trouble seeing and relating to situations and to people. This causes major fixes and shyness in relationships, convivial encounters, work and school. Personality disorders are deeply ingrained ways of cerebrating and comporting that are inflexible and generally lead to reduced relationships with others. Mental health…

Borderline Personality Disorder Essay

Borderline Personality Disorder? Is heredity the cause or is it a person’s surrounding environment? What are its effects? Are there any treatments available for it? Borderline Personality Disorder or BPD is a serious illness that causes a person to experience instability in moods, exhibit impulsive, quite often aggressive, behavior and creates severe self-worth issues. BPD is usually not a “stand alone” illness and typically is accompanied by other disorders such as Dysthymia, Bipolar Disorder and Substance…

Overview of Antisocial Personality Disorder

Can antisocial personality disorder affect the life of a person with this diagnostic and their family members? In general, personality’s disorders affect the overall social functioning of a person, by eluding and eliminating any type of socialization; moreover, in the case of a chronic mental condition as an antisocial personality disorder the person with this diagnostic ways of thinking, perceiving situations and relating to others are negative and dysfunctional, affecting their positive and harmless…

Personality Disorders Essay example

Personality Disorders Personality disorders indicate the presence of chronic rigid and maladjusted personality traits, through which the person's interpersonal or professional functioning is negatively affected, or which lead to personal unhappiness and problems (Louw, 1990). Discuss this statement from a biopsychosocial frame of reference and refer to one personality disorder in any cluster to illustrate your answer. The Biopsychosocial…

Borderline Personality Disorder Essay

Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder is a pattern of instable moods, relationships, and a sense of identity. The Borderline Personality Disorder is usually found in the Axis I of the DSM-IV, it is can be qualified as a mood disorder because of the disturbance in mood and most Borderlines tend to have substance abuse problems, which is also found in Axis I. But Borderline Personality Disorder can also be categorized in the Axis II, because it is a personality disorder. People…

Histrionic Personality Disorder

Running Head: HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER Histrionic Personality Disorder Abstract This paper describes the characteristics, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of an individual with Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD). These individuals display a pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking behavior. The exact cause of this disorder is not known, but it has been linked to learned and inherited…

from reality, just mild like when we daydream, delve into a good book or become engrossed with a project. But then after that, we do still come back to reality. However, some people are diagnosed with a dissociative identity disorder or the popular multiple personality disorder (MPD). This differ from mild dissociation that all of us commonly experience. People who have this live a fairly complicated life. Sadly, people who have this experience traumatic physical, sexual or emotional abuse during…

Borderline Personality Disorder Essay

were presenting with symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder were mentioned in medical reports 3000 years ago. However it was not until 1938 that the disease was categorized and identified. An American psychoanalyst named Adolph Stern first described most of the symptoms and suggested the possible causes and reasons Borderline Personality Disorder develops, as well as his opinion of the most effective forms of treatment. He eventually named the disorder by referring to patients with the symptoms…

Paranoid Personality Disorders Essay

Paranoid Personality Disorders Paranoid Personality Disorder is a disorder commonly mistaken for schizophrenic personality disorders. Schizophrenia, a psychosis, is when a person is has an image of a world and its transpiring events, and he/she is "living" it. Paranoid Personality Disorder, however, is a neurosis where an individual is living in the real world. This disorder, though not as debilitating as other disorders, can still devastate a someone's life. Individuals with this Paranoid…

In this paper I will be discussing how a particular Axis I disorder may relate to a coexisting Axis II disorder. I will explain how an Axis I disorder, can be easily confused with an Axis II disorders. I will compare and contrast, Personality Disorder, Schizophrenia, and Paranoid Type, and explain how I would differentiate the two conditions. I will also compare Obsessive Personality Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and explain the difference between both conditions.

Since the DSM III, the DSM classification has been used to describe the different parts of personality disorder. Every person is different in the way they think, feel and how they relate to others. Some people will have maladaptive personality traits, it becomes a personality disorder when the maladaptive behaviors become a problem and prevent them from leading a normal life. In the DSM –IV personality disorders and mental retardation are diagnosed on Axis II. A personality disorder can predispose a person to suffer with an Axis I disorder. (Widiger, 2003) According to the authors of the multiaxial system they wanted to draw attention to personality disorder because of the “accumulating evidence that the quality and quantity of preexisting personality disturbance may…influence the predisposition, manifestation, course, and response to treatment of various Axis I conditions”.

Paranoid Personality Disorder and Schizophrenia

Paranoid Personality Disorder is defined in the DSM-V –TR as a pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent. (DSM-IV-TR 2005) Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type is defined as a type of schizophrenia in which the following criteria are met: A. Preoccupation with one or more delusion or frequent auditory hallucinations. The two disorders have many similarities but one thing that makes them different is that people that suffer with Paranoid Personality disorder do not have hallucinations.

Obsessive -Compulsive Personality Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is defined as a person having either obsessions or compulsions. (DSM-V-TR 2005) People that suffer from OCD suffer from disturbing thoughts, or images and they have obsessions that interfere with their daily life. Some of these behaviors are irrational, ritualistic and repetitive. People that suffer from OCPD are worried about being perfect, and being in control mentally and interpersonally. People who suffer with OCPD are very problematic, unhappy, and experience issues with family, friends, and at work. The main difference in these two disorders is that people with OCD have actual obsessions and compulsions. People with OCDP don’t have obsessions and compulsions.

(2005). DSM-IV-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. Widiger, T. (2003, Oct). Personality disorder diagnosis. World Psychiatry, 2(2), 13

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