essays cause and effect

essays cause and effect

How to write a Cause and Effect Essay: format, structure, outline, examples, topics

This type of essay is concentrated on the ability of the writer to connect the reasons the things happen and the consequences they might have. In other words it is the connection between the causes of events and the effects this cause have on any analyzed aspect. A cause and effect essay is designed to organize the discussion of the ideas of a certain topic (its causes and results).

Writing a cause and effect essay

In order to write a professional cause and effect essay it is necessary to understand the term casual chain or domino effect. A cause chain or a domino effect –is a chain formed of a cause producing a situation and this situation producing another situation and so on. Each situation may have various causes and effects. Nevertheless, it is suggested for students to analyze no more than three causes or effects of any situation devoting a separate paragraph for each point.

Cause and effect essay structure

As the situation analyzed in the cause and effect essay may have different background there are three structures that may be applied. Each situation requires only on of the three structure variants.

  • Thesis statement (mentions the general effect of the situation mentioning three causes that lead to such an effect)

Ex. Child violence is caused by lack of parental attention, parental abuse and parental immaturity.

  • First cause (a more detailed look on lack of parental attention with two minor supports)
  • Second cause (a more detailed look on parental abuse using two minor supports)
  • Third cause (a more detailed look on parental immaturity with the help of two minor supports)
  • Thesis statement (mentions that one factor leads to a variety of consequences).

Ex. Watching violent films has a great impact on the child’s psychological and physiological condition.

  • First group of effects (psychological effects)
  • Second group of effects (physiological effects)

3 variant - Causal chain (Domino effect)

  • Thesis statement (mentions the first and the last parts of the chain)

Ex. Thinking about art leads to poor results in foreign language class.

  • First domino (thinking about art ®forgot to take the medicine)
  • Second domino (without the medicine could not get enough sleep)
  • Thirst domino (being tired could not learn the home work for the foreign language class)
  • Last domino (being not ready for class gained a poor mark).

Cause and Effect Essay Examples

A vast collection of cause and effect essay samples is presented in our database. Each cause and effect essay example provided by our custom essay writing service is absolutely free.

Cause and effect essays are another common essay type, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger essay which includes one or more paragraphs examining causes and effects. This page gives information on what a cause and effect essay is, how to structure this type of essay, how to use cause and effect structure words (transition signals) for this type of essay. There is also an example cause and effect essay on the topic of women at work.

A cause and effect essay looks at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discusses the results (or effects). For this reason, cause and effect essays are sometimes referred to as reason and result essays. They are one of the most common forms of organisation in academic writing. Sometimes the whole essay will be cause and effect, though sometimes this may be only part of the whole essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the causes or the effects, not both, are discussed. See the examples below.

  • Discuss the causes and effects of global warming ['cause and effect' essay]
  • Explain the high death rate in Chernobyl ['causes' only essay]
  • Discuss the WTO and its effects on the Chinese economy ['effects' only essay]

There are two main ways to structure a cause & effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays, namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by the effect. Usually that effect will then be the cause of the next effect, which is why this structure is called 'chain'. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any effects you present relate directly to the causes you have given.

The two types of structure, block and chain, are shown in the diagram below.

How To Write A Good Cause And Effect Essay: Topics, Examples And Step-by-step Guide

“For many phenomena, 80% of consequences stem from 20% of causes.”

The entire universe is connected and so are the people, events, ideas. Sometimes we are aware of these connections, but in other instances, we are not. Every cause has its consequence or results even if we don’t see it at a first glance. This is the premise behind cause and effect essays. A common assignment in high school and college, cause and effect essay urges a writer to elaborate root of the idea or problem and its larger impact. This useful guide will show you how to complete one such essay easily.

The main point of this essay is to determine how various ideas or phenomena are connected to one another. A write creates a scenario where one cause generates one or more consequences and why. The paper requires a deep understanding of the subject and focuses on explaining all the “whys9rdquo; and “hows9rdquo;. Contrary to the common misconception, this essay doesn’t just state a cause and result but also describes how and why it took place. Why did something happen? How did it occur?

Table of Contents

Benefits of writing a cause and effect essay

Every essay has its purpose that goes beyond the subject. Believe it or not, essay writing is a practical and effective way of improving different skills you’ll be using throughout your life. That’s why students get these assignments in the first place. Let’s take a look at skills that you develop while working on a cause and effect essay:

  • Writing skills – of course, working on different assignments sharpens your writing skills and this essay is not an exception
  • Organizational skills – we need to be organized in every aspect of our lives in order to get something done. Cause and effect essay improves your ability to get organized. You arrange causes and effects in a way that will keep reader’s interest and avoid creating additional confusions about the subject. While researching, you can identify a multitude of causes and effects. Good organizational skills are essential to categorize them and include into your essay properly
  • Attention to details – this form of essay isn’t just about mention a cause and consequences that everyone can see, it digs deep and highlight some causal links we don’t notice easily. To do this, you need to pay attention to details. Frequent cause and effect essay writing sharpens this skill and it can only be good for you, especially in the working environment
  • Objective thinking – the goal is to report a causal link between two ideas or situations without letting your emotions interfere with the way you write. Being unbiased is a great skill to adopt as it only makes you seem more authoritative and responsible

Similarly to other forms of essay writing, cause and effect paper can write about everything that’s happening in the world around us. Everything you see, read, witness, hear, or experience can be turned into a discussion and, thereby a cause and effect essay. Every action has its consequences. That means you have plenty of causes (actions) and effects (consequences) to write about. Here are common categories:

  • History
  • World events
  • Politics
  • Social issues
  • Ecology
  • Technology
  • Relationships and marriage
  • Education
  • Family
  • Health and medicine
  • Science

Cause and effect essay outline

Quality of your cause and effect essay depends on the outline you follow. You can consider outline as the spine of your essay. Just like spine supports the body, outline supports your paper and keeps you on the right track. We have a lot to say when writing an essay and it’s easy to get off the subject. The strong outline doesn’t allow that to happen. Here’s an outline of cause and effect essay:

  • Introduction – sets the tone of the essay, catches reader’s attention, and creates a sound basis for the entire paper. It provides background information that introduces the topic and finishes with a thesis statement
  • Causes/effects – the central part of the essay and one can write it in many ways. You can mention causes or effects individually or causal links (causes + effects). The approach depends on the way you organize the paper or causes and effects you wish to discuss
  • Conclusion – restates the topic and its importance summarizes causes and effects discussed and calls for action while explaining what could happen if we don’t act on the matter

Having to discuss some subject in a detail and mention its causes and effects may be overwhelming. Don’t worry; it’s perfectly natural to be concerned. It shows you care. Too much stress, though, is not a good thing. In order to minimize stress, you need to know all the tricks and tips that make the writing process easier, and here they are:

  • Understand cause vs. effects – it is not uncommon for students to mix them up. Cause is the catalyst or the reason behind the occurrence of some event while effect is its consequence
  • Research – regardless of the type of the paper, research is a must. Investigate the subject from different angles, think outside the box, and collect information that you’ll use later
  • Make meaningful links – you need to explain effects by making appropriate links to causes. Their relationship has to be solid and discussed thoroughly. Avoid discussing causes and effects that have a barely noticeable link
  • Quality over quantity – avoid piling causes and effects one after another. Remember, you should provide a deeper insight into their relationship and use evidence to support your claims. Quality of a cause-effect link beats quantity
  • Choose the method – you can arrange causes and effects in a chronological order, based on the importance, or categorize them. Choose the approach you find most convenient
  • Smooth transition – to avoid choppiness, use transition words that allow you to switch from one point to another seamlessly. Transition words for causes include: due to, because, first, since etc. Words for causes include: consequently, thereby, hence, therefore, thus
  • Remember the purpose – the goal of this essay is to inform the reader about causes and effects associated with some subject, it rarely (almost never) involves persuading someone to adopt your view
  • Be unbiased – you may agree or disagree with someone, like or dislike, love or hate, but you should never show it in the paper. Cause and effect essay should be unbiased or objective
  • Don’t exaggerate – for a stronger impact one might feel tempted to exaggerate the effects or causes, but you need to avoid doing that. Stick to the facts only
  • Evidence – it’s not enough to write “this cause has this effect”, you need evidence to support everything you write. Use reputable journals, publications, and other respected sources during this process

You get to choose your own cause and effect essay topic? That’s wonderful! In many cases lecturers allow students to write an essay based on a subject they choose for themselves. Some students spend hours thinking about topics they could discuss, but you don’t have to do that.

Good Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Here are great ideas for you:

  • Causes of voter apathy
  • What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the child’s age make any difference?
  • Effects of abortion on a relationship
  • Causes behind US poverty
  • Causes of homelessness and its effects on society
  • Effects of increasing obesity rates in the US
  • Effects of stress on health
  • What are the effects of violent video games on a child’s cognition and behavior?
  • Causes of addition to exercise and its effects
  • College dropout rates have never been higher: causes and effects
  • Reasons why online shopping makes internet users spend more money
  • Positive and negative effects of technology on our lives
  • Effects of feminism on marriage
  • Causes and effects of air pollution
  • What was the effect of colonialism on Britain’s view of itself?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Relationships and family

  • What causes people to cheat on each their partners.
  • Effects of living together before the marriage.
  • Long-term effects of growing up with a single parent.
  • What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships?
  • What are causes of destructive relationships between siblings?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Environment

  • What is the most dangerous factor that affects the world climate changes today?
  • Has human curiosity had an overall positive or negative effect on the planet?
  • What effect did human curiosity in relation to our planet?
  • What are causes of environmental catastrophes?
  • What could be the effects of global warming on the planet?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Social issues

  • What impact does frequent violence (either from war or street violence) have on a community?
  • What effect makes social networks on real life communications?
  • What are the causes of poverty in megalopolises?
  • How lack of freedom can effect on the society?
  • What are the effects of living in poor housing?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Technology

  • Effects of modern technological progress on children.
  • What impact has the internet on youth?
  • What are effects of using modern technologies during the class work?
  • How technology development affects the state of nature?
  • What are causes of technological advancements in Japan?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Education

  • What are causes and effects of changing a major in the middle of the studies?
  • What makes a person be an excellent student?
  • The causes and effects of an exam failure.
  • The cause and effects of cheating at the exams.
  • What are the effects of student involvement into extra-curricular activities?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Psychology

  • Why has depression become one of the most wide-spread illnesses?
  • What makes a person have a good mood?
  • The effects of stress on students who both study and work.
  • Why is good mental health no less important than physical well-being?
  • What are causes and effects of having an empathy?
  • How does a person’s diet affect his or her health?
  • Causes and effects of vaccination in teenage age.
  • Effects of having smallpox in adult age.
  • What are causes of long-term smoking?
  • What are the causes and effect of insomnia during exam week?
  • Cause and effects of eating seafood.
  • Effects of eating only vegetarian food.
  • Why is it dangerous to eat in cheap fast food restaurants?
  • Effects of eating genetically modified foods.
  • What are the typical causes of loss of appetite?
  • How regular workout improves the productivity of a person?
  • Causes and effects of skipping physical education lessons in school.
  • What are effects of doing sports professionally?
  • Causes and effects of sports violence.
  • What effect does doing extreme sports have?
  • What is the reason of popularity of movies based on comic books?
  • How listening to favorite music affect the person?
  • Why are summer music festivals so popular among youth?
  • How free music downloading effects the artist
  • What are long-term effects of video games playing addiction?

The cause and effect essay writing doesn’t have to turn into a major struggle. You have the opportunity to make this process easy. How? It’s simple; thanks to the amazing breakthrough of technology and easy internet availability, students have access to multiple platforms and tools that simplify essay writing. Here are a few examples.

Instead of browsing Google and spending hours trying to come up with a cause and effect essay topic, you can just use Edusson Magic Help. The platform displays a multitude of topic ideas you can use to practice or write your own essay. Search by alphabet, category, most popular topics, or simply enter a keyword and you’ll see an abundance of titles that will inspire you.

Use Edusson Magic Help essay samples to see how other students wrote their own cause and effect essays. This will inspire you to write your own, recognize strengths and weaknesses, and avoid common pitfalls. With a prescription plan, you can also save some essays in the library and read them later.

Essay checker called RobotDon is a highly practical platform and the best tool a student can use when writing an essay. The software utilizes cutting-edge algorithms to analyze uniqueness and check for plagiarism. In addition, it checks sentence structure, rhythm, readability, word use, and overall quality of your paper.

Professional writing service gathers an amazing team of writers who can create cause and effect essay based on your needs, deadline, word count, and other info you provide. The essay is written from scratch and made to reflect your own position on the subject.

For students who just need someone to go through an essay and correct mistakes, the editing service at Edusson is the best solution. Editors and proofreaders read and correct spelling and grammar mistakes, improve your style and formatting, and enhance the overall quality of the paper

What is a cause and effect essay?

Cause and effect essays are concerned with why things happen (causes) and what happens as a result (effects). Cause and effect is a common method of organizing and discussing ideas.

Follow these steps when writing a cause and effect essay

  1. Distinguish between cause and effect. To determine causes, ask, "Why did this happen?" To identify effects, ask, "What happened because of this?" The following is an example of one cause producing one effect: Cause You are out of gas. Effect Your car won't start.

Sometimes, many causes contribute to a single effect or many effects may result from a single cause. (Your instructor will specify which cause/effect method to use.) The following are examples:

Causes liked business in high school salaries in the field are high have an aunt who is an accountant am good with numbers Effect choose to major in accounting Cause reduce work hours Effects less income employer is irritated more time to study more time for family and friends

However, most situations are more complicated. The following is an example of a chain reaction:

Thinking about friend…forgot to buy gas…car wouldn't start…missed math exam…failed math course.

When writing your essay, keep the following suggestions in mind:

  • Remember your purpose. Decide if your are writing to inform or persuade.
  • Focus on immediate and direct causes (or effects.) Limit yourself to causes that are close in time and related, as opposed to remote and indirect causes, which occur later and are related indirectly.
  • Strengthen your essay by using supporting evidence. Define terms, offer facts and statistics, or provide examples, anecdotes, or personal observations that support your ideas.
  • Qualify or limit your statements about cause and effect. Unless there is clear evidence that one event is related to another, qualify your statements with phrases such as "It appears that the cause was" or "It seems likely" or "The evidence may indicate" or "Available evidence suggests."

To evaluate the effectiveness of a cause and effect essay, ask the following questions:

What are the causes? What are the effects? Which should be emphasized? Are there single or multiple causes? Single or multiple effects? Is a chain reaction involved?

Choosing the essay topic for cause and effect essay type is not difficult, here are some sample essay topics:

  • Effects of Pollution
  • The Changes in the Ocean
  • The Civil Rights Movement and the Effects
  • .

Please, make sure you choose the essay topic that is really important for you. Choosing the correct essay topic makes your cause and effect essay more interesting and successful.

Cause and effect essay may be presented like a causal chain of events explaining the reasons and expounding their consequences. You may begin your essay with a well-known situation and study what caused such a result or describe some outcome and then analize its consequences.

Cause and Effect Essay Example

Sometimes, it is difficult to detect cause and effect while writing an essay. The easy way to identify the cause is to answer a question “Why?” or “Why did this happen?” And trace the effect with the question “What happened because of this?”

This is a type of writing in which seeking out the causes and effects will go a long way not only to educate the readers, but to give some knowledge to the writer. It may be informing or persuading the reader and according to that, you should choosea writing style.

The primary rule of the cause and effect essay is the cause always to take place before the effect. When something happens it leads to a result.

Causes and Effects of Obesity Writing Example

Obesity is a reason of premature death. It is one of the major problems in society nowadays. Many people get used to overeat or to eat unhealthy food, and to have a sedentary lifestyle. They do not notice what changes happen to their bodies. Then they start to be concerned when some diseases occur, but in many cases it is too late. Purpose of this essay is to discuss the causes and effects of obesity.

The first cause of obesity is too obvious and it is a large intake food. Most people just eat fast food. Why do they do so? Just because its easer to do its and it seems to be affordable, but as a result people pay much more money to loose weight, endangering their health. You have to be aware in a searching for a healthy food in these days, and you have to be able to pay a higher price. In comparison, the fast food is cheaerp and it is always available.

Overeating has second common reason. Why do people overeat? Our ancestry in old times had to be very fast and smart to provide themselves with the food. In modern life, it is very easy just go to supermarket and buy whatever you wish even from another part of the world. So availability is one of the reasons why people may overeat. But it would be very simple to think so. And the life is not simple at all. So there are of course the other reasons such as stresses, depression, and feelings of helplessness and anixiety. The people just comfort themselves when they are eating. Many people overeat on holidays or during festivities as well which happen every month. And then their life becomes a one big nonstop holiday that could be the reason of regular overeating.

The next reason is a sedentary lifestyle made possible by a scale of technology unthinkable as recently as a few decades ago. Computers, video, films and games on DVD or online, plus high-tech progress in music technology keep people to stay at home, sitting and watching, reading, gaming and listening, meaning doing very little fitness activities required by the body. Even some work you can do on your computer and there is no need to go to the office. What is left for a high fitness activity? It is nothing. There is morning jogging and going to fitness club that could work. But it is working with some people. The rest is very busy with everyday duties, and there is never enough time. Or just because of laziness which is the main trait of human nature.

As we have discovered the obesity can be caused by some human addiction too. And what are the consequences? Obviously, the main problems are the health problems or a whole list of diseases to be exact: such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon), hypertension (high blood pressure), heart stroke, liver disease, sleep apnea and breathing problems, osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint), etc. And of course, all those horrible diseases can lead someone to the very end, meaning death.

There is psychological effect as well. The person also suffers from people’s cruelty and self-pity. The mental suffering is even deeper than the physical one sometimes. This leads to a depression, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem. The people who suffer from obesity often have a low quality of life too.

Thereby, the last effect which we going to consider is a social reason. There is not much produced for such people in the world. It concerns public places, transport, garments, furniture and so on. Low physical activity brings lack of communication. Those people do not have friends. And it is not easy to find a job. Many employers wish to have representative person under their direction, who is definitely not obis meaning healthy.

In conclusion, the effects of obesity which are physical, psychological, and social can cause many problems, but the main point it can give many suffering and lead to death. And why someone should suffer so much? The answer is because of the food addiction and their behavior. No human addiction or bad habit not worthy a human life. It is obvious that our community and each person in particular should go for a healthy diet and physical activities find himself present in social life and change his behavior. No one can do it for us, but anyone can fight obesity once and for all.

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