cause-effect essay

cause-effect essay

Other Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • How divorce effects children
  • Why some friendships end
  • The effect of the American Civil War on race relations in the US
  • The effect of birth control on the Sexual Revolution
  • The effects of poverty on people’s psychology
  • Why first-year college roommates rarely get along
  • The positive effects of a healthy lifestyle
  • Why some romantic partners cheat
  • How second-wave feminism effected gender relations between men and women
  • The effects of drugs on prenatal development

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Step 2: Be sure to only focus on a few points. Too many will overcomplicate everything for your reader.

Step 3: Organize your essay

  • Begin with your thesis statement. It should state the event, phenomenon, or trend that you want to explore in your essay.
  • All of the other paragraphs should begin with topic sentences that explore one of the cause and effect aspects. In the October 1917 example, you discuss the war's cause and effects in one paragraph.
  • End your essay by drawing your discussion together neatly.

Cause and effect essays are another common essay type, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger essay which includes one or more paragraphs examining causes and effects. This page gives information on what a cause and effect essay is, how to structure this type of essay, how to use cause and effect structure words (transition signals) for this type of essay. There is also an example cause and effect essay on the topic of women at work.

A cause and effect essay looks at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discusses the results (or effects). For this reason, cause and effect essays are sometimes referred to as reason and result essays. They are one of the most common forms of organisation in academic writing. Sometimes the whole essay will be cause and effect, though sometimes this may be only part of the whole essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the causes or the effects, not both, are discussed. See the examples below.

  • Discuss the causes and effects of global warming ['cause and effect' essay]
  • Explain the high death rate in Chernobyl ['causes' only essay]
  • Discuss the WTO and its effects on the Chinese economy ['effects' only essay]

There are two main ways to structure a cause & effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays, namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by the effect. Usually that effect will then be the cause of the next effect, which is why this structure is called 'chain'. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any effects you present relate directly to the causes you have given.

The two types of structure, block and chain, are shown in the diagram below.

How To Write A Cause and Effect Essay

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

With every action comes a certain reaction. To understand how a cause and effect essay works let’s break down its definition. A cause and effect essay is a format of writing where the writers describe the reasons and actions that lead to certain consequences or results. Even though the essay can have a variety of different structures, the primary goal is to show a logical consequential correlation between Point A (an action, event, etc.) and Point B (a result, outcome, consequence). However, there are a few steps you need to complete before jumping into writing.

  • Where Do I Begin?
  • Sample Topics
  • Outline
  • Introduction
  • Body Paragraphs
  • Concluding Paragraph
  • Additional Writing Tips

The Cause and Effect Essay is one that asks you to explain what reactions come from certain actions and why. Normally, you would be given a certain scenario in which an action occurred. From there, using things such as logic and analysis, outcomes (reactions) must be carefully crafted and explained.

When you receive your assignments, whether it is for college, university or high school, make sure to read the directions to identify the requirements thoroughly. More often you will have to choose your own cause and effect essay topics. Therefore, brainstorming is a must.

In most cases, the information you already have will not be sufficient to write a detailed, captivating paper, that is why you will be required to perform research to acquire as much additional information as you can. If the format of your essay allows you to include visuals, then the following will help you to support provided information:

  • Cause and Effect Venn Diagram
  • Cause and Effect Graphic Organizer
  • Cause and Effect Anchor Chart

If you are sure that you have acquired enough material and selected one of the cause and effect topics, then it's time to build an outline.

  • Pollutions effects on society
  • Internet’s influence on youth development
  • Drugs impact on the human body
  • Uber effect on taxi companies
  • Causes and Effects of Lying
  • Causes and Effects of Natural Disasters

The cause and effect essay outline is going to serve you as a guide for the rest of the paper. It will help you to stay on track and include all the ideas you have initially pinned down. This paper is commonly written in a 5 paragraph style, but it allows a variation. Depending on the topic of analysis and the depth of the content, cause and effect essays will vary in length. However, the general format will still stay the same. Just like all papers have an introduction, body and a conclusion, the cause and effect essay is no exception.

Before you begin writing, create a cause and effect chart which has two sections. It should include the main points and details relating to Point A and Point B. It will help you to see the bigger picture and to create logical transitions between the two sides

Furthermore, you can create a cause and effect graphic organizer. Not only does it make the process smoother, but getting that visual allows for the creation of even more ideas and analysis!

The main purpose of the introduction is to inform the reader of the topic of conversation, giving necessary background if needed. The highlight of the introduction is to provide a relevant thesis statement, explaining the cause and its effect.

Hook: The sentence that grabs the reader’s attention. Since we are doing cause and effect, this could be some foreshadowing or some rhetorical question. Its main purpose is to serve as an appetizer for the reader to get a sense of what's to come!

Background Information: In this case, background information is very important. Not only does it give more insight towards the cause, but sometimes can help explain some of the effects. This is especially true if we are talking about a historical topic such as World War 2 or some Natural Disaster. Another key point is to make sure that this information follows a linear path. State information that helps understand the cause(s), instead of just filling up space. It should also be applied towards the main point (thesis) of the essay.

Thesis Statement: The thesis statement is highlighting the main point of the entire argument in one sentence. Along with the setting of the situation, it should state the general point of your entire essay in a few words. The goal of the essay is to prove the thesis statement, so make sure that it flows accordingly with what you plan on writing about in your main body paragraphs.

Also, it's super important to base your essay around the thesis statement. The type of content that you provide depicts what kind of thesis statement you should have. Make sure they match!

All body paragraphs should always have some kind of introductory sentence and an assertive concluding sentence. However, the “meat” of the paragraphs isn’t absolute.

Great news, this is the part of the essay where variety is in abundance! Unless we are specifically writing a 5-paragraph essay, there are a lot of options in turns of forming the paper. Assuming we are using the 5 paragraph style, there are 3 options to pick from.

Obviously, these should be picked according to the subject of discussion. Sometimes there are situations where one thing creates mass chaos, or many small parts create one big problem. Depending on the situation, it’s important to pick the paragraph style accordingly.

If we aren’t using the 5 paragraph style, then you are free as a bird when it comes to choosing your approach. The options come from as simple as one cause and one effect body to having multiple paragraphs that each contain a cause-effect style.

Being meticulous in these paragraphs is super important. For example, if you are using the Cause-Effect-Effect style, the first paragraph should specifically be focused on the causes. It’s also incredibly important to make sure that there is an evident correlation between the initial cause and the duel effects. Once again, depending on the content you have to provide, the essay should be organized to suit your information efficiently and neatly.

Just like the introductory paragraph, this paragraph has 3 parts that practically follow the reverse order of the intro. The highlight of the conclusion is to create an impact upon the reader before fully concluding, emphasizing the strength of your argument!

Restatement of Thesis: Now would be a good time to check if your thesis statement was actually proven by your body paragraphs. After confirming the following, the paraphrased sentence should assertively state that the thesis has been proved.

Summarizing Main Argument: You should use this section to simplify your argument into a couple concise sentences. Explain the general outline of the cause and effect from one to three sentences. The strength of this sentences is incredibly important. The manner in which the main argument is summarized shows the reader the proficiency of the content. Also, make sure these summaries come back to that core thesis statement.

Overall Concluding Statement: Just like your hook gave a thrilling intro to your essay, you must provide a meaningful conclusion. The argument was developed for a specific purpose, whether it's an essay for college or a presentation at work. Just like in a court case, it’s necessary to provide the importance of your argument. In other words, explain why your argument should be taken seriously and present the consequences if ignored. You wrote this essay for a purpose, not just to get a good grade. (Or at least I hope so….)

In the preparation stage, it is always a very good idea to read other cause and effect essay examples to understand the structure better. Not only it will allow you learn more about the outline, but help you to distinguish between good and bad papers.

If the project is quite substantial and important, then you will need an in-depth understanding of the topic. One of the things that our writing service always recommends is to involve yourself in extra activities. Cause and effect games will help you understand the concept of action - reaction system and cause and effect worksheets can give you a detailed perception of your topic.

Finally, you have to review the paper on multiple occasions.

  • Print out a hard copy and edit it yourself with a red pen. Watch the flow of your transitions. Make sure there is a logical connection between different ideas.
  • Send your paper to someone who is more experienced in writing than you are and more aware about your theme. Let them give you professional feedback.
  • Send your paper to someone neutral, to receive impersonal, straightforward reader review.

The Effects Of Sleep Deprivation

Cause And Effect Of Homelessness

Essay Writing Advice From Our Professional Team

Selecting the right topic for your cause-and-effect essay is very important. When selecting the topic, make sure that the events you’re writing about definitely have a cause and effect relationship. Sometimes things are statistically significant, but remember the golden rule: correlation is not causation. If you’re not assigned a specific area of study for your essay, then write about something that has a proven link between it. A good topic would be “smoking and insomnia” or “fast food and obesity”. The article mentions several types of the cause-and-effect essay, but you some effects have more than one cause. This is another good type of cause-and-effect essay to explore writing about. A good example of a topic like this would be “causes of amnesia”. In an essay like this, my advice is to try your best to not veer off of your topic. Be brief when branching on to other areas of expertise and stick to your outline while writing.

If you still have any doubts about the quality of your essay, make sure to check out our essay writer service to find the most highly-trained writer that can proofread or write your essay for you.

What is a cause and effect essay?

Cause and effect essays are concerned with why things happen (causes) and what happens as a result (effects). Cause and effect is a common method of organizing and discussing ideas.

Follow these steps when writing a cause and effect essay

  1. Distinguish between cause and effect. To determine causes, ask, "Why did this happen?" To identify effects, ask, "What happened because of this?" The following is an example of one cause producing one effect: Cause You are out of gas. Effect Your car won't start.

Sometimes, many causes contribute to a single effect or many effects may result from a single cause. (Your instructor will specify which cause/effect method to use.) The following are examples:

Causes liked business in high school salaries in the field are high have an aunt who is an accountant am good with numbers Effect choose to major in accounting Cause reduce work hours Effects less income employer is irritated more time to study more time for family and friends

However, most situations are more complicated. The following is an example of a chain reaction:

Thinking about friend…forgot to buy gas…car wouldn't start…missed math exam…failed math course.

When writing your essay, keep the following suggestions in mind:

  • Remember your purpose. Decide if your are writing to inform or persuade.
  • Focus on immediate and direct causes (or effects.) Limit yourself to causes that are close in time and related, as opposed to remote and indirect causes, which occur later and are related indirectly.
  • Strengthen your essay by using supporting evidence. Define terms, offer facts and statistics, or provide examples, anecdotes, or personal observations that support your ideas.
  • Qualify or limit your statements about cause and effect. Unless there is clear evidence that one event is related to another, qualify your statements with phrases such as "It appears that the cause was" or "It seems likely" or "The evidence may indicate" or "Available evidence suggests."

To evaluate the effectiveness of a cause and effect essay, ask the following questions:

What are the causes? What are the effects? Which should be emphasized? Are there single or multiple causes? Single or multiple effects? Is a chain reaction involved?

Choosing the essay topic for cause and effect essay type is not difficult, here are some sample essay topics:

  • Effects of Pollution
  • The Changes in the Ocean
  • The Civil Rights Movement and the Effects
  • .

Please, make sure you choose the essay topic that is really important for you. Choosing the correct essay topic makes your cause and effect essay more interesting and successful.

How To Write A Good Cause And Effect Essay: Topics, Examples And Step-by-step Guide

“For many phenomena, 80% of consequences stem from 20% of causes.”

The entire universe is connected and so are the people, events, ideas. Sometimes we are aware of these connections, but in other instances, we are not. Every cause has its consequence or results even if we don’t see it at a first glance. This is the premise behind cause and effect essays. A common assignment in high school and college, cause and effect essay urges a writer to elaborate root of the idea or problem and its larger impact. This useful guide will show you how to complete one such essay easily.

The main point of this essay is to determine how various ideas or phenomena are connected to one another. A write creates a scenario where one cause generates one or more consequences and why. The paper requires a deep understanding of the subject and focuses on explaining all the “whys9rdquo; and “hows9rdquo;. Contrary to the common misconception, this essay doesn’t just state a cause and result but also describes how and why it took place. Why did something happen? How did it occur?

Table of Contents

Benefits of writing a cause and effect essay

Every essay has its purpose that goes beyond the subject. Believe it or not, essay writing is a practical and effective way of improving different skills you’ll be using throughout your life. That’s why students get these assignments in the first place. Let’s take a look at skills that you develop while working on a cause and effect essay:

  • Writing skills – of course, working on different assignments sharpens your writing skills and this essay is not an exception
  • Organizational skills – we need to be organized in every aspect of our lives in order to get something done. Cause and effect essay improves your ability to get organized. You arrange causes and effects in a way that will keep reader’s interest and avoid creating additional confusions about the subject. While researching, you can identify a multitude of causes and effects. Good organizational skills are essential to categorize them and include into your essay properly
  • Attention to details – this form of essay isn’t just about mention a cause and consequences that everyone can see, it digs deep and highlight some causal links we don’t notice easily. To do this, you need to pay attention to details. Frequent cause and effect essay writing sharpens this skill and it can only be good for you, especially in the working environment
  • Objective thinking – the goal is to report a causal link between two ideas or situations without letting your emotions interfere with the way you write. Being unbiased is a great skill to adopt as it only makes you seem more authoritative and responsible

Similarly to other forms of essay writing, cause and effect paper can write about everything that’s happening in the world around us. Everything you see, read, witness, hear, or experience can be turned into a discussion and, thereby a cause and effect essay. Every action has its consequences. That means you have plenty of causes (actions) and effects (consequences) to write about. Here are common categories:

  • History
  • World events
  • Politics
  • Social issues
  • Ecology
  • Technology
  • Relationships and marriage
  • Education
  • Family
  • Health and medicine
  • Science

Cause and effect essay outline

Quality of your cause and effect essay depends on the outline you follow. You can consider outline as the spine of your essay. Just like spine supports the body, outline supports your paper and keeps you on the right track. We have a lot to say when writing an essay and it’s easy to get off the subject. The strong outline doesn’t allow that to happen. Here’s an outline of cause and effect essay:

  • Introduction – sets the tone of the essay, catches reader’s attention, and creates a sound basis for the entire paper. It provides background information that introduces the topic and finishes with a thesis statement
  • Causes/effects – the central part of the essay and one can write it in many ways. You can mention causes or effects individually or causal links (causes + effects). The approach depends on the way you organize the paper or causes and effects you wish to discuss
  • Conclusion – restates the topic and its importance summarizes causes and effects discussed and calls for action while explaining what could happen if we don’t act on the matter

Having to discuss some subject in a detail and mention its causes and effects may be overwhelming. Don’t worry; it’s perfectly natural to be concerned. It shows you care. Too much stress, though, is not a good thing. In order to minimize stress, you need to know all the tricks and tips that make the writing process easier, and here they are:

  • Understand cause vs. effects – it is not uncommon for students to mix them up. Cause is the catalyst or the reason behind the occurrence of some event while effect is its consequence
  • Research – regardless of the type of the paper, research is a must. Investigate the subject from different angles, think outside the box, and collect information that you’ll use later
  • Make meaningful links – you need to explain effects by making appropriate links to causes. Their relationship has to be solid and discussed thoroughly. Avoid discussing causes and effects that have a barely noticeable link
  • Quality over quantity – avoid piling causes and effects one after another. Remember, you should provide a deeper insight into their relationship and use evidence to support your claims. Quality of a cause-effect link beats quantity
  • Choose the method – you can arrange causes and effects in a chronological order, based on the importance, or categorize them. Choose the approach you find most convenient
  • Smooth transition – to avoid choppiness, use transition words that allow you to switch from one point to another seamlessly. Transition words for causes include: due to, because, first, since etc. Words for causes include: consequently, thereby, hence, therefore, thus
  • Remember the purpose – the goal of this essay is to inform the reader about causes and effects associated with some subject, it rarely (almost never) involves persuading someone to adopt your view
  • Be unbiased – you may agree or disagree with someone, like or dislike, love or hate, but you should never show it in the paper. Cause and effect essay should be unbiased or objective
  • Don’t exaggerate – for a stronger impact one might feel tempted to exaggerate the effects or causes, but you need to avoid doing that. Stick to the facts only
  • Evidence – it’s not enough to write “this cause has this effect”, you need evidence to support everything you write. Use reputable journals, publications, and other respected sources during this process

You get to choose your own cause and effect essay topic? That’s wonderful! In many cases lecturers allow students to write an essay based on a subject they choose for themselves. Some students spend hours thinking about topics they could discuss, but you don’t have to do that.

Good Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Here are great ideas for you:

  • Causes of voter apathy
  • What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the child’s age make any difference?
  • Effects of abortion on a relationship
  • Causes behind US poverty
  • Causes of homelessness and its effects on society
  • Effects of increasing obesity rates in the US
  • Effects of stress on health
  • What are the effects of violent video games on a child’s cognition and behavior?
  • Causes of addition to exercise and its effects
  • College dropout rates have never been higher: causes and effects
  • Reasons why online shopping makes internet users spend more money
  • Positive and negative effects of technology on our lives
  • Effects of feminism on marriage
  • Causes and effects of air pollution
  • What was the effect of colonialism on Britain’s view of itself?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Relationships and family

  • What causes people to cheat on each their partners.
  • Effects of living together before the marriage.
  • Long-term effects of growing up with a single parent.
  • What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships?
  • What are causes of destructive relationships between siblings?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Environment

  • What is the most dangerous factor that affects the world climate changes today?
  • Has human curiosity had an overall positive or negative effect on the planet?
  • What effect did human curiosity in relation to our planet?
  • What are causes of environmental catastrophes?
  • What could be the effects of global warming on the planet?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Social issues

  • What impact does frequent violence (either from war or street violence) have on a community?
  • What effect makes social networks on real life communications?
  • What are the causes of poverty in megalopolises?
  • How lack of freedom can effect on the society?
  • What are the effects of living in poor housing?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Technology

  • Effects of modern technological progress on children.
  • What impact has the internet on youth?
  • What are effects of using modern technologies during the class work?
  • How technology development affects the state of nature?
  • What are causes of technological advancements in Japan?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Education

  • What are causes and effects of changing a major in the middle of the studies?
  • What makes a person be an excellent student?
  • The causes and effects of an exam failure.
  • The cause and effects of cheating at the exams.
  • What are the effects of student involvement into extra-curricular activities?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas: Psychology

  • Why has depression become one of the most wide-spread illnesses?
  • What makes a person have a good mood?
  • The effects of stress on students who both study and work.
  • Why is good mental health no less important than physical well-being?
  • What are causes and effects of having an empathy?
  • How does a person’s diet affect his or her health?
  • Causes and effects of vaccination in teenage age.
  • Effects of having smallpox in adult age.
  • What are causes of long-term smoking?
  • What are the causes and effect of insomnia during exam week?
  • Cause and effects of eating seafood.
  • Effects of eating only vegetarian food.
  • Why is it dangerous to eat in cheap fast food restaurants?
  • Effects of eating genetically modified foods.
  • What are the typical causes of loss of appetite?
  • How regular workout improves the productivity of a person?
  • Causes and effects of skipping physical education lessons in school.
  • What are effects of doing sports professionally?
  • Causes and effects of sports violence.
  • What effect does doing extreme sports have?
  • What is the reason of popularity of movies based on comic books?
  • How listening to favorite music affect the person?
  • Why are summer music festivals so popular among youth?
  • How free music downloading effects the artist
  • What are long-term effects of video games playing addiction?

The cause and effect essay writing doesn’t have to turn into a major struggle. You have the opportunity to make this process easy. How? It’s simple; thanks to the amazing breakthrough of technology and easy internet availability, students have access to multiple platforms and tools that simplify essay writing. Here are a few examples.

Instead of browsing Google and spending hours trying to come up with a cause and effect essay topic, you can just use Edusson Magic Help. The platform displays a multitude of topic ideas you can use to practice or write your own essay. Search by alphabet, category, most popular topics, or simply enter a keyword and you’ll see an abundance of titles that will inspire you.

Use Edusson Magic Help essay samples to see how other students wrote their own cause and effect essays. This will inspire you to write your own, recognize strengths and weaknesses, and avoid common pitfalls. With a prescription plan, you can also save some essays in the library and read them later.

Essay checker called RobotDon is a highly practical platform and the best tool a student can use when writing an essay. The software utilizes cutting-edge algorithms to analyze uniqueness and check for plagiarism. In addition, it checks sentence structure, rhythm, readability, word use, and overall quality of your paper.

Professional writing service gathers an amazing team of writers who can create cause and effect essay based on your needs, deadline, word count, and other info you provide. The essay is written from scratch and made to reflect your own position on the subject.

For students who just need someone to go through an essay and correct mistakes, the editing service at Edusson is the best solution. Editors and proofreaders read and correct spelling and grammar mistakes, improve your style and formatting, and enhance the overall quality of the paper

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