cause and effect paper

cause and effect paper

The effects of drugs on unborn and born babies are outrageous. “1 out of every 2 women pregnant right now is on drugs. Effects 145”

The most commonly taken drug during pregnancy is caffeine. It’s most common because caffeine is in a lot of our every day substances such as; coffee, soda, tea and chocolate. Studies show that caffeine consumed a lot threw out pregnancy leads to babies born with low birth weights.

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. The Effects from Drug Use, Drinking, and Smoking While Pregnant Women who are pregnant or wanting to become pregnant should not drink, smoke, or abuse drugs. Abusing these substances could cause substantial harm and have serious side effects on the child from the time it is in the womb to post birth. Each of these harmful substances could entail damaging consequences if a child has exposure to them in utero. This can lead to physical, emotional, learning, and social impairments for a child. There are a number of illegal drugs that are especially harmful to an unborn child. Drug use could have extremely harmful effects on the child before it is born, post birth, or even later in life. Pregnant women who abuse harsh drugs, such as cocaine and heroin are putting their baby’s lives in jeopardy. For example, stated by March of Dimes: Working Together For Stronger, Healthier Babies; the use of heroin while pregnant may cause the mother to go into premature labor or possibly have a stillbirth. Injecting this drug during pregnancy with a shared needle may also put the mother and baby at risk of contracting HIV. As a result, the long-term effects of this drug may cause learning and behavioral problems for the child. Equally damaging as stated by March of Dimes, the use of cocaine while pregnant can increase the risk of miscarriage or cause the baby to grow.

. Jackie Sager Comp 1 October 26, 2013 The Effects of Teen Pregnancy Becoming a teen parent is always a scary thing to go through, but over the years, the United States has been trying new and different ways to lower the occurrence of unplanned pregnancies among teens. There has always been a high rate of teen pregnancies in the United States, and according to The Los Angeles Times, “Teen pregnancy rates in the United States have fallen in recent years, but the country still has a higher rate than any other developed country” (Roan). Even though the rates of teen pregnancy in the United States have fallen, they are still the highest in the world. Throughout the years, the United States has been experimenting and brainstorming new ideas to prevent teens from falling into peer pressure of having sex. They added child development classes to the high schools to teach teens what happens when they decide to get pregnant or accidentally get pregnant. Becoming a teen mom has many effects on teens that are forced to grow up faster, change their priorities, and push back their future plans. When teens discover they are pregnant, more than 50% of teens will make their first decision about their pregnancy, by telling someone right when they find out themselves. A teen telling another person is a big step for them in the right direction of growing up in this situation. Many teens first tell their parents, the father of the child or a very close friend.

The Causes and Effects of Smoking Essay

. The Causes and Effects of Smoking One of the most common problems today that are killing people, all over the world, is smoking. Many people start this horrible habit because of stress, personal issues and peer pressure. Some begin from simply being curious. One cigarette can result in smoking others, which can lead to major addiction. When someone smokes a cigarette they are not only hurting themselves, but others around them. Smoking does many horrible things to the human body that most people are not aware of. Almost everyone knows that smoking causes cancer, emphysema, and heart disease; that it can shorten your life by 10 years or more; and that the habit can cost a smoker thousands of dollars a year. So, why people are still smoking? The answer is obviously, addiction. Smoking is a hard habit to break because tobacco contains nicotine, which is highly addictive. There are several effects and causes of smoking; the causes of smoking are influence by peers and stress whereas the effects are wide range of diseases and in pregnant women which may result in serious health risks for both the woman and the foetus. First of all, teenagers smoke because they want to fit in with a particular group at school. Friends can be very convincing at influencing other friends to smoke. This may be particularly true when a girlfriend or boyfriend smokes, and the teen may feel threatened.

Paper 3: Determining Causes and Effects

. Determining the Causes and Effects of Water Pollution in Lake Huron Sandra Mack Professor Pamela Van Hook Strayer University- English 115 June 06, 2013 Introduction: Lake Huron is one of the five Great Lakes in North America and also serves as one of the largest freshwater systems on the earth itself. Lake Huron, being such a huge source of fresh water, also holds numerous amounts of wildlife. For a long time, the Great Lakes have served as a ground where many harmful pollutants have been disposed of. Pesticides, industrial waste and harmful fertilizers have served as a damaging way of unconsciously contaminating Lake Huron as well as the other Great Lakes. Pollutants that come as a result of this massive lake causes problems for fish, wildlife, and even people that are native to this area. My thesis is that, in determining the causes and effects of water pollution in Lake Huron, it can be determined as to what needs to be done in order to clean up the lake itself and the life that depends on it. Causes of Pollution in Lake Huron: There are many things that contribute to the pollution in Lake Huron. Mostly all of the pollution, however, can be attributed to four main causes. These causes are Atmospheric pollution, air pollution, point-source pollution, and nonpoint-source pollution. Even though there.

Cause and Effect Paper : Internet in Schools

. any business class (Hallström –Gyberg 8). Some business classes also teach phone etiquette, which is a crucial skill in any career. Internet sources are also used in these classes as a research tool in order for students to get more information on future careers they are interested in. Without the Internet and phone, the school is required to do everything manually. This causes a lot of confusion between everyone in the school. Writing attendance and having to get it to the office has became a bit of a hassle. Lacking the resources in order to teach lessons cause frustration among the teachers and boredom among the students. Research and resources play a valuable role in student’s assignments. Often research is allowed in the classroom. Although information is available in the library, the resources found on the Internet are more convenient and less time consuming. In many schools, this is causing a lesser need for librians and or a need for librains more skilled in technology research (Riley-Huff 129). Schools are also starting to use the Internet as a testing method. This is said to cut costs on paper and make testing more comfortable (Webley). Testing online is also used a competitive tool in universities (Webley). The more technology used in the school, the more a school can promote their university to upcoming students. If you’re wondering why technology has become such a crucial part of schools, it’s because this.

Cause and Effect Paper About Aliens

. Cause and Effect Paper Ashamed of Human Society Today With all the technical advances ( computers & cell phones) and the medical evolution you would think that we would be proud of our society, but when asked to write an essay about if aliens came to visit our planet from a higher developed civilization would we be proud or ashamed of the state of human race today, taking a deeper look into our race I can only conclude that they would be disappointed. Would they want to breath in our polluted air, see the disrespect that humans often give one another based on a race or culture, agree with our disregard for other living things, agree with our decisions to get abortions because we can’t live up to our mistakes, or would they be aggravated with the lazy people who just live life on the government’s welfare. The first thing that I feel would disappoint these highly advanced creatures would be our neglect to the plant. Global warming is an ongoing issue. Although we know the cause for this epidemic we continue to drive our cars to and from work or school carrying on with our everyday lives. As the winters in some places seem to get warmer, people knowing the cause just ignore it. But, it’s not just the cars we drive and the pollution that we put in the air, it’s the neglectful student or classmate that see the garbage and yet, the garbage is still laying to the floor. In addition to the.

. “Lochards Exchange Principle.” This principle stated “with contact between two items, there will be an exchange”. The principle basically means that every thing on a crime scene is consider evidence. There could be one little tiny hair fiber that could be the main key to solving the whole crime. In his books, Sherlock Holmes would use different tools such as the magnifying glass and the optical microscope in order to look closely and find hair fibers and tobacco evidence and other things that would be a proof of evidence to the case. He was always close examining everything. Today, the FBI uses different technologies to help them look closely at different types of evidence. For an example, Forensic Vacuums that sucks smaller particles onto a paper so it can be analyzed. Sherlock Holmes always had his own little personal laboratory where he paid most attention to the little details using different chemicals. He was able to us ballistics in order to recover bullets that were spent and also the suspect’s caliber measurement and whether it matched the suspect’s murder weapon. Today, FBI and CSI have crime laboratories where they experiment and examine blood stains and DNA. Most Detectives used chemicals like Luminol which reveals drops of blood when sprayed in a dark room. Sherlock Holmes even examines the clothes of the victim in order to find unusual fibers or hairs, or any kind of DNA on the Victim. He would use this evidence in order to figure who the.

. Cause and Effect Of Deforestation People have been deforesting the Earth for thousands of years, primarily to clear land for crops or livestock. Direct causes of deforestation are agricultural expansion, wood extraction; logging or wood harvest for domestic fuel or charcoal, and infrastructure expansion such as road building and urbanization. Rarely is there a single direct cause for deforestation. Usually there are multiple causes working together simultaneously to cause deforestation. The single biggest direct cause of tropical deforestation is conversion to cropland and pasture, mostly for subsistence, which is growing crops or raising livestock to meet daily needs. The conversion to agricultural land usually results from multiple direct factors, as in countries building roads into remote areas to improve overland transportation of goods. The building of roads itself causes a limited amount of deforestation. But these new roads provide access to previously inaccessible and often unclaimed land. Logging, legal and illegal, often follows these new roads. Then the roads and the logged areas attract settlers, farmers, and ranchers who slash and burn the remaining forest for cropland or cattle pasture, completing the deforestation chain that began with road building. Agriculture-driven deforestation, for subsistence, and large-scale commercial activities are.

What were the causes of the American Civil War? the causes of World War I? the causes of the American Great Depression? What caused the AIDS epidemic? the bubonic plague? What are the causes of unrest in Ireland? the Middle East?

What effects can be attributed to phenomena such as El Niño? the hippies of the 1950s and 60s? the Civil Rights movement of the 50s and 60s? Affirmative Action? Apartheid? the uses of DDT? holes in the ozone layer?

Cause and effect papers are among the most common (and among the most fun to write) papers in a Composition course. It is intriguing to explore the causes of some event that you always took for granted or to chronicle the effects of some phenomenon in society or nature. The two strategic points you have to consider are (1) whether you're exploring causes or effects or both and (2) what is the order of the causes or effects you're going to pursue — from least to most important or vice versa.

In the following two paragraphs, Bob Kutter analyzes the effects on American workers of an economy that relies increasingly on technology. In a sense, the paragraphs provide an outline for exploring the various causes and effects which are the substance of the article. (See below for a hyperlink to the entire essay (Atlantic, July 1983.) In these paragraphs, what sentences could be listed as major points and what sentences play a supporting role? What is the role of the first sentence in each paragraph?

The erosion of the middle of the labor market is easy to misinterpret, because its roots are multiple. During the 1970s, the entry into the work force of an unprecedented number of women and of young adults born during the baby boom resulted in too many workers for the jobs available, and depressed wages. The decline of the middle also has something to do with the explosive growth in world trade since 1960. As manufacturing technologies have become more mobile, and multinational firms more footloose, production jobs have migrated from the U.S. to countries where wages are low. In addition, technology itself has helped to provoke the shifts in the job market. For example, fewer American workers would have been needed to make steel in 1980 than in 1960 even if the pressures of global competition had not been a factor, because new machines have made many of their tasks redundant. Finally, the high rate of unemployment caused by these trends has tended to drive wages down further, especially at the low end, since it forces unskilled workers to compete for their jobs with unemployed people who are willing to do the work for less.

Although demographic shifts, stepped-up world trade, unemployment, and especially the advance of technology all have had an effect on the shape of the job market, middle-level jobs have been disappearing ultimately as a result of the ways in which technological gains are being distributed. When a machine replaces a production worker, both the firm and consumers as a group benefit. The loss falls mainly on the worker who is displaced. If that loss is generalized to millions of high-paid workers, they suffer as a group, and the economy as a whole suffers a loss of worker purchasing power. Thus the lack of a mechanism to distribute some of the financial gains from technology to the work force comes back to haunt the entire economy.

You will have to determine which causes or effects you're going to write about. For instance, if there are too many causes for you to deal with in the scope of your essay, you'll have to decide what are the main causes, the ones you have to treat, and then suggest to your reader that there are other, relatively minor, causes outside the scope of your essay. Even in an essay as extensive as Kutter's, there are surely things he could have said but chose not to. In an essay on the effects of El Niño, the price you pay for orange juice might not belong in an essay alongside the devastating effects of tornadoes and ice-storms and mudslides and people's fear of uncontrollable weather patterns.

The cause and effect essay can end in a number of ways. It might be enough for your paper to point out causes or effects that people might not have thought of before, or to sort out those causes or effects so that people can grasp them with fresh insight or in a newly organized fashion. On the other hand, your essay might lead to a call for action based on patterns of cause and effect that you have perceived. The essay below, for example, from Mother Jones magazine, ends with a plea for Americans to change the way they use antibiotics in situations where the antibiotics won't do any good. The alternative to this over-use of antibiotics — the consequence if this trend is not reversed — is well spelled out in the essay.

The one caution you have to keep in mind is not to become logically simplistic when considering causes. It is nearly cliché to say that the Civil War was fought to free the slaves of the American South, but it is also far from the whole truth. There were monumental economic and political causes behind that war; without those "other" causes there might not have been a war at all. There is an important logical fallacy (see the section on Logic) called Post hoc, ergo propter hoc ("After this, therefore because of this"). We can't assume that just because something follows something else chronologically that the earlier event caused the later event. Other causes — intervening causes or causes we might not be aware of — might be at work.

Pulitzer prize-winning cartoonist Rube Goldberg was most famous for his ability to link one event to another — in outrageous fashion. This series of causes leads to the effect of a sharpened pencil.

Open window (A) and fly kite (B). String (C) lifts small door (D) allowing moths (E) to escape and eat red flannel shirt (F). As weight of shirt becomes less, shoe (G) steps on switch (H) which heats electric iron (I) and burns hole in pants (J). Smoke (K) enters hole in tree (L), smoking out opossum (M) which jumps into basket (N), pulling rope (O) and lifting cage (P), allowing woodpecker (Q) to chew wood from pencil (R), exposing lead. Emergency knife (S) is always handy in case opossum or the woodpecker gets sick and can't work.

For more Goldberg cartoons, click HERE.

Used with permission. RUBE GOLDBERG is the registered copyright of Rube Goldberg Inc.

Review the section on Clustering and Outlining to see how one student writer began to gather thoughts about a paper on the effects of the weather phenomenon known as El Niño. How far can that paper go? How far into the spring and summer of 1998 could citizens of North America and elsewhere blame weird weather events on El Niño? Are the extraordinarily high prices for lettuce and tomatoes in May and June entirely the fault of California storms spawned by El Niño in February and March? The writer has to determine a cutoff point for pursuing causes back to the Adam and Eve of all causes. A paper that included the causes of this weather phenomenon would be an altogether different matter, also.

A cause and effect paper often appears to be structured along the lines of a Process Essay, and the structure can, in fact, be similar. The difference, of course, is that a process essay explains how something works or how something came to be as it is, whereas a cause and effect essay explains why something works as it does or why it came to be what it is.

We have included here a sample cause-and-effect essay that briefly explores the reasons (causes) that soccer will not "make it big" in the United States. It was written by a community college student, Dewey Cheatham, who graciously gave us permission to reprint his essay here.

English 101: W443

February 29, 1998

the Big Time in the U.S.A.

Soccer — or football (or foosball or futbol), as it is called by the rest of the world outside the United States — is surely the most popular sport in the world. Every four years, the world championship of soccer, the World Cup, is watched by literally billions all over the world, beating out the United States professional football's Superbowl by far. It is estimated that 1.7 billion television viewers watched the World Cup final between France and Brazil in July of 1998. And it is also a genuine world championship, involving teams from 32 countries in the final rounds, unlike the much more parochial and misnamed World Series in American baseball (that doesn't even involve Japan or Cuba, two baseball hotbeds). But although soccer has become an important sport in the American sports scene, it will never make inroads into the hearts and markets of American sports the way that football, basketball, hockey, baseball, and even tennis and golf have done. There are many reasons for this.

Recently the New England Revolution beat the Tampa Bay Mutiny in a game played during a horrid rainstorm. Nearly 5000 fans showed up, which shows that soccer is, indeed, popular in the United States. However, the story of the game was buried near the back of the newspaper's sports section, and there was certainly no television coverage. In fact, the biggest reason for soccer's failure as a mass appeal sport in the United States is that it doesn't conform easily to the demands of television. Basketball succeeds enormously in America because it regularly schedules what it calls "television time-outs" as well as the time-outs that the teams themselves call to re-group, not to mention half-times and, on the professional level, quarter breaks. Those time-outs in the action are ideally made for television commercials. And television coverage is the lifeblood of American sports. College basketball lives for a game scheduled on CBS or ESPN (highly recruited high school players are more likely to go to a team that regularly gets national television exposure), and we could even say that television coverage has dictated the pace and feel of American football. Anyone who has attended a live football game knows how commercial time-outs slow the game and sometimes, at its most exciting moments, disrupt the flow of events. There is no serious objection, however, because without television, football knows that it simply wouldn't remain in the homes and hearts of Americans. Also, without those advertising dollars, the teams couldn't afford the sky-high salaries of their high-priced superstars.

Soccer, on the other hand, except for its half-time break, has no time-outs; except for half-time, it is constant run, run, run, run, back and forth, back and forth, relentlessly, with only a few seconds of relaxation when a goal is scored, and that can happen seldom, sometimes never. The best that commercial television coverage can hope for is an injury time-out, and in soccer that happens only with decapitation or disembowelment.

Second, Americans love their violence, and soccer doesn't deliver on this score the way that American football and hockey do. There are brief moments, spurts of violence, yes, but fans can't expect the full-time menu of bone-crushing carnage that American football and hockey can deliver minute after minute, game after game. In soccer, players are actually singled out and warned — shamed, with embarrassingly silly "yellow cards," for acts of violence and duplicity that would be smiled at in most American sports other than tennis and golf.

Third, it is just too difficult to score in soccer. America loves its football games with scores like 49 to 35 and a professional basketball game with scores below 100 is regarded as a defensive bore. In soccer, on the other hand, scores like 2 to 1, even 1 to 0, are commonplace and apparently desirable; games scoreless at the end of regulation time happen all the time. (In the 515 games played in the final phase in the history of the World Cup games through 1994, only 1584 goals have been scored. That's three a game!) And if there is no resolution at the end of overtime, the teams resort to a shoot-out that has more to do with luck than with real soccer skills. Worse yet, it is possible for a team to dominate in terms of sheer talent and "shots-on-goal" and still lose the game by virtue of a momentary lapse in defensive attention, a stroke of bad luck, and the opponent's break-away goal. Things like that can happen, too, in baseball, but the problem somehow evens out over baseball's very long season of daily games. In soccer, it just isn't fair. Soccer authorities should consider making the goal smaller and doing away with the goalie to make scoring easier. And the business of starting over after each goal, in the middle of the field, has to be reconsidered. It's too much like the center-jump after each goal in the basketball game of yesteryear.

It seems unlikely that Americans will ever fully comprehend or appreciate a sport in which players are not allowed to use their arms and hands. Although the footwork of soccer players is a magnificent skill to behold, most American fans are perplexed by straitjacketed soccer players' inability and unwillingness to "pick up the darn ball and run with it!" The inability to use substitutes (unless the player to be substituted for is lying dead or maimed on the field of play) is also bewildering to Americans, who glorify the "sixth man" in basketball and a baseball game in which virtually the entire roster (including an otherwise unemployable old man called "the designated hitter") is deployed on the field at one time or another.

Finally, the field in soccer is enormous. Considerably larger than the American football field, the soccer field could contain at least a dozen basketball courts. Americans like their action condensed, in a small field of vision — ten enormous sweaty people bouncing off one another and moving rapidly through a space the size of a medium-sized bedroom, twenty-two even larger people in bulky uniforms converging on a small, oddly shaped ball. In soccer, on the other hand, there is a premium on "spreading out," not infringing upon the force field occupied by a team-mate, so that fancy foot-passing is possible. This spreading out across the vast meadow of the soccer playing field does not lend itself, again, to close get-down-and-dirty television scrutiny.

Soccer is a great sport and it certainly deserves the increased attention and popularity it is getting on all levels. But — primarily, again, because it does not lend itself to television — it will never make it big in the United States the way these other sports have, not until it changes some of its fundamental strategies.

To write a cause and effect essay, you’ll need to determine a scenario in which one action or event caused certain effects to occur. Then, explain what took place and why! This essay allows us to identify patterns and explain why things turned out the way that they did.

How do I choose a topic and get started? Try choosing a major event, either in your own life or an event of historical significance. For example, The Great Depression.

Cause of The Great Depression: stock market crash

How would we elaborate? We'd discuss the behaviors, carelessness, errors, and even cultural attitudes that led to the crash—explaining why it was devastating.

Effects of the Great Depression: joblessness & poverty

What should we say about the effects?

  • Businesses went under—explain HOW the crash caused this
  • Describe poverty in detail—explain how this could’ve beenhandled more efficiently or even avoided

In a short essay, it might be difficult to tackle the cause and all of the many effects of a big event like the Great Depression. To narrow a cause and effect topic down to a manageable size, ask yourself…

  1. What's the main (most important) cause? Most people attribute it to the stock market crash, so that's a good place to start.
  2. Can I break the different types of effects down into categories? Yes! I'll break my ideas down into categories like: economic, social, employment, practical, and morale effects. (example below)
  3. Which category interests me the most? "Practical effects" is the most interesting. I'll narrow the topic of my paper down so that my essay will now be about how the stock market crash affected the practical ways that people lived their lives during the Great Depression.

Can that category be broken down even further to make the topic more manageable? I'm actually interested in the ways that the Great Depression affected the farming industry. I want to talk about the new skills and methods that farmers were forced to learn and implement, as a result of their difficult situation.

Narrowing a Large Topic - Example

Can I break the different types of effects down into categories? Yes! I'll break my ideas down into categories like: economic, social, employment, practical, and morale effects.

Writing Cause and Effect Papers


Cause and effect papers use analysis to examine the reasons for and the outcomes of situations. They are an attempt to discover either the origins of something, such as an event or a decision, the effects or results that can be properly attributed to it, or both.

Cause and effect papers answer questions like the following ("A" is your topic):

  • Why did A happen? (discovering the causes of A)
  • What happened as a result of A? (discovering the effects of A)
  • What might happen as a result of A? (predicting further effects of A)

You may write a cause and effect paper primarily about causes, primarily about effects, or a combination of both.

Before you begin writing or even researching, make a list of all the causes of this event you already know about. Ask questions like these: Why did this happen? What preconditions existed? Were the results foreseen? Could they have been foreseen? Then do some preliminary research, using what you already know to guide the direction of your reading. Change or add to your original list of causes to reflect new information gathered from your research. Done in depth, this kind of analysis is likely to uncover an almost unlimited chain of linked causes, far more than you can effectively address in one paper. Identify one to three of them as more important (or interesting, or overlooked) than the others. Then, acknowledging that multiple causes exist, limit your discussion to those most important (or interesting, or overlooked).

As you brainstorm possible causes, do not fall into the trap of thinking that, simply because one event followed another, that there was necessarily a causal relationship. (The mere fact that four youths were seen running away from the scene of an assault does not itself logically implicate them in the assault; they could have been running for help, chasing down the alleged criminal, or simply jogging by.)

Also, do not confuse a necessary precondition for a cause: A large number of costumed students milling about in downtown Chico on Halloween night may be a necessary precondition for a riot, but it is not, in itself, the cause of a riot.

As you write, use the transitions, or signal words, that tell readers you are demonstrating causal relationships between your ideas:

The following example names the cause first, followed by the effect:

Because the technology program received independent funding from grants and federal Title I funds, it was relatively untouched by the school district's own budget cuts.

If you choose to write about effects, first brainstorm: Make a list of all the effects you know about, and use this list to direct your research to learn more. Have the effects had great impact on history, culture, or your own life? Or have they had a small impact with few results? Again, be sure you can demonstrate the causal relationship.

Just as there are usually several causes for anything, there are a multitude of effects that proceed from any one cause. Don't try to address a long chain of effects in one paper. Acknowledge that many effects of various kinds exist, and then limit your discussion to the most important ones.

Transition words that suggest to the reader that you are discussing effects include the following:

The following statement names a cause first, and then an effect:

Employees at companies that offer flexible work schedules are more productive and file fewer claims for mental-health benefits; consequently, the number of companies offering flextime is on the rise.

(As a matter of argument, you could claim that the example above shows two linked effects of the flextime policy: First, it caused employees to be more productive; and second, their enhanced productivity, in turn, caused more companies to adopt flextime. Linked causes and effects are typical of this type of paper.)

Cause and effect papers often make predictions based on known facts, trends, and developments. Prediction moves from the known and observable into the unknown and possible. Prediction tries to answer questions like these: What are the possible or likely consequences? Are these results likely to have great impact on my life or the lives of others? Are these results likely to have great impact on shaping public policy, society, or history? What preconditions would have to exist before my predictions could come about?

If you choose to make predictions, as is common, for example, in political science, education, science, and philosophy, be sure to use credible evidence and strong reasoning. If you do not handle predictions with finesse and ground them in established fact, they are apt to appear fantastic and unbelievable.

Avoid overstating your case; use language couched in an appropriate degree of uncertainty (might, may well be, is likely to, can expect, is entirely possible). Signal words and verb forms such as these suggest to the reader that you are making the move from observation to prediction:

Here is a prediction using two of the above transitions:

If the governor fails to clearly declare his position and take a leadership role in reforming the state's workers' compensation system, voters are likely to take matters into their own hands and call for a statewide referendum.

A cause and effect paper relies heavily on your analysis of the situation. Although there are many ways to interpret any situation and the effects that it has produced, in the end the convincing power of your paper depends on specific evidence, clear and convincing language, and logical development.

Cause and Effect Paper - the Effects of the Gap

By: Victor • Essay • 1,416 Words • April 9, 2010 • 605 Views

Cause and Effect Paper - the Effects of the Gap

Cause and Effect Essay #1, prompt #2

The Effects of the Gap

In 1975, during the aftermath of the Vietnam War, refugee families were forced to leave their homes in Vietnam to escape Communist control, and come to a foreign country called America. During this time, as is true today, immigrants from Mexico were also trickling in through the boarder looking for new opportunities for their families on American soil. Although many families did reach the goal of success and prosperity, a huge price was paid in return. That price was an offering up of their culture to survive. This giving up of culture has unwittingly caused a generation gap. The effects of the generation gap are a lack of cultural loyalty and a lack of cultural awareness.

Once in America, immigrants to this country had to quickly adapt to the busy, fast-paced American culture of hard work and years of schooling. They also had to assimilate into the great melting pot called “America.” Eager to support their household financially and educationally, immigrants, such as the Vietnamese and Mexicans, often found jobs which required them to wake up at sunrise seven days a week. With little time to spend with their families, parents had no opportunity, to teach their children of their heritage, and the American schooling they received, taught nothing of their Vietnamese or Mexican history. The lack of education these Vietnamese-American and Mexican-American children have caused a generation gap between them and their parents.

Lack of cultural loyalty can occur if parents do not educate their children of their origin. Jack Lopez entitled Of Cholos and Surfers, writes about how his parents, who are of Mexican origin, took pride in living in a Latino environment, and when they moved into the suburbs into a “white” community, Lopez’s parents felt like they had “Thrust themselves and their children into what was called at the time the melting pot of Los Angeles” (Lopez 16). Lopez did not understand why his father took such pride in being a Latino, because his father never really educated him on what his parents had to go through to come to America in order to give his children better lives. Lopez was born in America, with Mexican decent, so, when his father would ask other people if they were Mexican, Lopez did not know why his father had the need to connect to his fellow Latinos. It was a comforting feeling to Lopez’s father when he was able to talk in his native tongue (Spanish) in a predominantly Caucasian area, and still have a connection with another human being. This was the way Lopez’s father could feel at home again, even though he was living in a whole other country. Lopez, on the other hand, lacked cultural loyalty because he never received the proper education from his parents. Lopez only knew that being a Mexican to him wasn’t that big of a deal, at the time he thought, “[He] was a pioneer in the sociological sense that [He] had no distinct ethnic piece of geography on which my pride and honor depended” (Lopez 16).

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